Young People's Bible Dictionary
by Barbara Smith (Philadelphia: Westminster, 1965)
Abba. An Aramaic word meaning "father," used by children in addressing a parent. Mark 14:36; Rom. 8:15; Gal. 4:6.
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
edited by Paul J. Achtemier (San Francisco: Harper and Row, 1985)
You are strongly recommended to add to your library the excellent revised edition of Harper's Bible Dictionary titled, The Harper Collins Bible Dictionary, Revised Edition, edited by Paul J. Achtemeier, with the Society of Biblical Literature (NY: Harper Collins, 1996). It is currently the best one-volume Bible dictionary in English, and it is available at Border's Books, Christian Science Reading Rooms, http://www.borders.com, or http://www.christianbook.com.
Abba, the definite form of the Aramaic word for ‘father’ (lit. ‘the father’), properly translated as ‘my father’ or ‘our father.’ Used by Jesus (and early Christians) to address God (Mark 14:36; cf. Rom. 8:15; Gal. 4:6), the word suggests familial intimacy. Many scholars find indications of such use in ancient Judaism, but others argue that it originated with Jesus.
To read a further explanation of the Aramaic word "Abba" (Father), browse: http://www.bibletexts.com/terms/abba.htm.
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