Young People's Bible Dictionary
by Barbara Smith (Philadelphia: Westminster, 1965)
Cain. Son of Adam. Cain, who was a farmer, murdered his brother and was sent into exile. Gen. 4:1-16; 1 John 3:11-12; Julde 11.
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
edited by Paul J. Achtemier (San Francisco: Harper and Row, 1985)
You are strongly recommended to add to your library the excellent revised edition of Harper's Bible Dictionary titled, The Harper Collins Bible Dictionary, Revised Edition, edited by Paul J. Achtemeier, with the Society of Biblical Literature (NY: Harper Collins, 1996). It is currently the best one-volume Bible dictionary in English, and it is available at Border's Books, Christian Science Reading Rooms, http://www.borders.com, or http://www.christianbook.com.
Cain (Heb., ‘metalworker,’ although Gen. 4:1 connects it with a verb meaning ‘to acquire’ or ‘create’).
1 Adam and Eve’s first son, a farmer whose offering God rejected in favor of the firstlings brought by his brother Abel. Angered, Cain killed Abel and subsequently denied knowledge of his whereabouts. As a punishment, God withheld the ground’s fertility from Cain, who was condemned to a life of wandering. God placed a mark on Cain to warn would-be attackers that he remained under God’s protection (Gen. 4). Cain later built the first city. He was the father of Enoch and ancestor of Tubal-cain, the first metalworker. Cain is regarded as the eponymous ancestor of the Kenites, who are often considered to have originated as a tribe of wandering metalworkers.
2 A city in Judah (Josh. 15:57).
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