The Glossary of Terms



Harper’s Bible Dictionary

edited by Paul J. Achtemier (San Francisco: Harper and Row, 1985)

You are strongly recommended to add to your library the excellent revised edition of Harper's Bible Dictionary titled, The Harper Collins Bible Dictionary, Revised Edition [book review], edited by Paul J. Achtemeier, with the Society of Biblical Literature (NY: Harper Collins, 1996). It is currently the best one-volume Bible dictionary in English, and it is available at Border's Books, Christian Science Reading Rooms,, or

Candace, the queen of the Ethiopians (Acts 8:27), mentioned because Philip baptized her treasury minister, an Ethiopian eunuch. Her name is actually a title, presumably ‘queen,’ or ‘queen mother,’ so she cannot be identified with any of the otherwise known queens of the Nubian realm of Meroe, along the upper Nile (modern Sudan).


Women in Scripture

A Dictionary of Named and Unnamed Women in the Hebrew Bible, the Apocryphal/Deuterocanonical Books, and the New Testament

edited by Carol Meyers, Toni Craven, and Ross S. Kraemer (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2000, page 461, article by Ross S. Kraemer)


Acts 8:27 - The Candace, queen of the Ethiopians. Older English translations, most notably the KJV, treated the Greek kandake as the name of the Ethiopian queen, calling her Candace. Newer translations, including the NRSV, recognize that Kandake is an Ethiopian title meaning either "queen" or "queen mother," and known to have been used for the queen of Meroe. It is impossible to identify the Kandake here with any particular Ethiopian queen. In any case, the queen herself is significant only for demonstrating the high status of the eunuch converted by Philip in this passage.


All glossary terms
Copyright 1996-2003 Robert Nguyen Cramer
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