GLOSSARY OF TERMS
Young People's Bible Dictionary
by Barbara Smith (Philadelphia: Westminster, 1965)
Hallelujah. An exclamation meaning "Praise the Lord!" used in the book of The Revelation; same as Ps. 106:1. Rev. 19:1,3,4,6.
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
edited by Paul J. Achtemier (San Francisco: Harper and Row, 1985)
You are strongly recommended to add to your library the excellent revised edition of Harper's Bible Dictionary titled, The Harper Collins Bible Dictionary, Revised Edition, edited by Paul J. Achtemeier, with the Society of Biblical Literature (NY: Harper Collins, 1996). It is currently the best one-volume Bible dictionary in English, and it is available at Border's Books, Christian Science Reading Rooms, http://www.borders.com, or http://www.christianbook.com.
hallelujah; (Heb., ‘[let us] praise the Lord’), in the Hebrew Bible, a word restricted to Psalms, where it occurs only in Pss. 104-150. It is used twenty-three times as the introduction or conclusion of a psalm and, contrary to the rules of Hebrew grammar, is written as one word, though this practice was not universally accepted in the Talmudic period. Only in Psalm 135:3, where ‘hallelujah’ is an intrinsic part of a verse rather than an introduction or conclusion of a psalm, is it written as two words. Both the Septuagint and Vulgate transliterate the word rather than translate it. These factors suggest that ‘hallelujah’ was a religious cry, probably used to encourage audience participation in the liturgical recitation of psalms. Later, ‘hallelujah’ became a stereotyped cry of joy; the Jews of Alexandria sang it after being saved from annihilation by the Egyptians (3 Macc. 7:13) and it introduces the angelic praise of God in Rev. 19:1-8. The recitation of the word ‘(h)allelujah’ played an important role within the early church liturgy.
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