Questions, Insights, & Responses

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#56 - Seeking "scientific proof" that God, not evolution, created all

by Robert Nguyen Cramer (version

This BibleTexts website administrator has very much enjoyed questions and insights that have been emailed to him ever since this site was launched in September of 1996. On this page I share with BibleTexts browsers a few of the questions, insights, and responses, so that we all can further learn from and with each other.


Question/insight #56: My friend thinks that humans and all creatures were not created by GOD but that we evolved. He said there is scientific proof of this. I know in my heart that we were created by GOD, but I have nothing scientific or no hard facts other than the Bible to show my friend. Please advise me, if you can.

Response #56:

You have a very good question, for which there is a different "scientific" answer than the answer your friend gave you. There is an answer that is based upon the Bible and upon the "divine" Science illustrated in the Bible, an answer that comes from a very honest approach to the Bible texts, and an answer for which there is "scientific proof" in the way Jesus prescribed.

There are actually two different accounts of creation in Genesis:

  1. Gen 1:1-Gen 2:4a, where God is known in the Hebrew text as Elohim, which in English is simply translated "God."
  2. Gen 2:4b-Gen 3:24, where God is known in the Hebrew text as Yahweh Elohim, which in English is typically translated "Jehovah God" or "Lord God."

The Adam and Eve story provides us with great object lessons but not with a historical record of our actual ancestry. The Adam and Eve story, which is told in the second account of creation, is an ancient allegory. Bible scholars at the best seminaries have recognized this for well over 100 years. (See

A major part of Paul's 15th chapter of 1 Corinthians serves as an excellent commentary on the two accounts of creation in Genesis. (See for an explanation of Paul's commentary of Gen 1 & 2.)

In the Genesis 1 account of creation, "God" (Elohim) made both man and woman as complete.

Genesis 1 - 26 Then God said, "Let us make man in our image, after our likeness. And let them have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over the livestock and over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth." 27 So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them. 28 And God blessed them... 31 And God saw everything that he had made, and behold, it was very good.

Genesis 2 - 1 Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them. 2 And on the seventh day God finished his work that he had done...

In the Genesis 2 account of creation, "the Lord God" (Yahweh Elohim) made man out of dirt (or dust) and woman out of the rib of man.

Genesis 2 - 6 A mist was going up from the land and was watering the whole face of the ground - 7 then the LORD God formed the man of dust from the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living soul. 8 And the LORD God planted a garden in Eden, in the east, and there he put the man whom he had formed... 20 ...But for Adam there was not found a helper fit for him. 21 So the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall upon the man, and while he slept took one of his ribs and closed up its place with flesh. 22 And the rib that the LORD God had taken from the man he made into a woman and brought her to the man. 23 Then the man said, "This at last is bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man."

As is easily seen, there are two different descriptions of "man" in the first two chapters of Genesis, each representing a different biblical account of creation. Yet in both chapters "man" and "Adam" are translations of the same Hebrew word adam. The Strong's number for this Hebrew word is #0120.

Biblical scholars today have strong evidence that the creation story of Genesis 2 and 3 represents an earlier tradition than the creation account in Genesis 1. (For example, see The Old Testament Library: Genesis, by Gerhard von Rad, Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1972, pages 24-25. See also HarperCollins Bible Dictionary, Revised Edition, edited by Paul J. Achtemeier and the Society of Biblical Literature, New York: HarperCollins, 1996, pages 210-211. See also

The discovery that the Genesis 2 and 3 ("Adam and Eve") account of creation likely was written several hundred years earlier than the Genesis 1 ("In the beginning...") account of creation fits well with what Paul wrote to the church in Corinth (1Co 15:45-49, NRSV):

It is helpful to note that the word translated above as a living "being" is translated from the Greek word "psuche" <Strong's #5590>, which in English means a "soul" or "breath-based, sensual, animal-like life." Here Paul is directly paraphrasing from Genesis 2:7. The word translated above as "physical" is translated from the related Greek adjective "psuchikos" <Strong's #5591>, which in English means "breath-based, sensual, animal-like."

Mary Baker Eddy appears to have been the first Christian writer to address biblical creation, science, and evolution in a way that reflected an honest approach to both current biblical scholarship and current scientific conclusions. Utilizing the early findings of biblical criticism, her comments on the two different accounts of creation are similar to what today's scholars have also concluded. In her book, Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures, which first appeared in 1875, she wrote:

Eddy was also versed in current scientific theories. She commented on Darwin's evolution theory, the fall, and God's creation. In the process she defended the gospel with a new vocabulary -- almost a 'new tongue' -- to engage gospel critics and fellow-Christians. Her method of using then current terms of science, popular theology, medicine, logic, and philosophy had many similarities with the methodology of some of the early Christian writers, especially Origen (185-255 A.D.), who has been called the "father of Christian theology."

Origen was the most prolific writer of the pre-Constantine church, producing around two thousand works. He wrote not only doctrinal and apologetic works, but also commentaries on most of the books of the Bible. Many of his teachings reflect brilliant spiritual insights. On the other hand, some of his teachings are considered non-orthodox. He was condemned by some orthodox churches for denying the literal truth of Scripture and the equality of the Father and the Son in the Trinity. (For more details, see

Eddy derived her conclusions regarding true creation primarily from the first biblical account of creation (Gen 1:1-Gen 2:4a) in contrast to the second biblical account of creation (Gen 2:4b-Gen 3:24) or even scientific theories. She wrote:

On spiritual evolution and "scientific proof," to which your friend refers, Eddy wrote:

Sneers at the application of the word Science to Christianity cannot prevent that from being scientific which is based on divine Principle, demonstrated according to a divine given rule, and subjected to proof. (S&H 341:12-16)

Paul alludes to "doubtful disputations." The hour has struck when proof and demonstration, instead of opinion and dogma, are summoned to the support of Christianity, "making wise the simple." (S&H 341:1-4)

Again, as quoted above, Paul so honestly stated in his letter to the Christians in Corinth (1Co 2:4,5, ESV):

4 My speech and my message were not in plausible words of wisdom, but in demonstration of the Spirit and of power, 5 that your faith might not rest in the wisdom of men but in the power of God.

This is a reminder of Jesus, who instructed his disciples, " Heal the sick, raise the dead, cleanse lepers, cast out demons." (Mat 10:8, ESV). He also said (Joh 14:12), "The one who believes in me will also do the works that I do and, in fact, will do greater works than these, because I am going to the Father." Rather than arguing theology or science, Jesus even replied to the disciples of John the Baptist, who were questioning his ministry (Luk 7:22, NRSV): "Go and tell John what you have seen and heard: the blind receive their sight, the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead are raised, the poor have good news brought to them."

In your answers to your friend, and in your daily "demonstration of the Spirit and of power," what a joy it can be to humbly and gratefully acknowledge along with Jesus (Joh 5:30, NRSV): "I can do nothing on my own." As explained by Paul (Philippians 2:13, TEV), "God is always at work in you to make you willing and able to obey his own purpose."

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Copyright 1996-2005 Robert Nguyen Cramer