The Glossary of Terms


Young People's Bible Dictionary

by Barbara Smith (Philadelphia: Westminster, 1965)

James. The brother of Jesus. The brothers of Jesus did not support him during his lifetime, but they are listed among the believers after the resurrection. Mark 6:3; John 7:5; Acts 1:14. James held an important position in the church at Jerusalem, probably as head of the elders. Acts 12:17; 21:18; Gal. 1:19; 2:9,12.

James the son of Alphaeus. One of the Twelve disciples of Jesus. It is possible that Mary the mother of James, in Mark 15:40 and 16:1, was the mother of this disciple. Matt. 10:3.

James the son of Zebedee. One of Jesus' twelve disciples, a brother of John and a fisherman with Peter and Andrew. Matt. 4:21-22; Mark 9:2-10; 14:33; Luke 5:10; Acts 12:1-3.

Harper’s Bible Dictionary

edited by Paul J. Achtemier (San Francisco: Harper and Row, 1985)

James, the English equivalent of the Greek Jacobus, apparently a common name in the first century.

To explore all the members of Jesus' immediate family who are mentioned in the New Testament, browse:


Edited for by Robert Nguyen Cramer