Oxford Dictionary of the Bible
by W.R.F. Browning (NY: Oxford University Press, 1996)
Michael Hebrew for 'Who is like God?' According to Dan. 10:13, 21; 12:1 he is an angel representing Israel. His role grows in the last centuries BCE and he is named as the chief adversary of the devil in the War Scroll of the Qumran community and in the NT by Jude 9 and Rev 12:7. Jacob Epstein has powerfully portrayed their combat in a sculpture on the exterior wall of Coventry Cathedral, but significantly the devil seems still able to swipe with his tail.
by Barbara Smith (Philadelphia: Westminster, 1965)
Michael. In the system of beliefs about angels in N.T. times, an archangel. Jude 9; Rev. 12:7.
edited by Paul J. Achtemier (San Francisco: Harper and Row, 1985)
You are strongly recommended to add to your library the excellent revised edition of Harper's Bible Dictionary titled, The Harper Collins Bible Dictionary, Revised Edition, edited by Paul J. Achtemeier, with the Society of Biblical Literature (NY: Harper Collins, 1996). It is currently the best one-volume Bible dictionary in English, and it is available at Border's Books, Christian Science Reading Rooms, http://www.borders.com, or http://www.christianbook.com.
Michael (Heb., ‘who is like God?’), patron angel of Israel, first mentioned by name in Dan. 10:13, 21; 12:1. In the nt he is mentioned in Jude 9, where he contends with the devil for the body of Moses, and in Rev. 12:7, where he is at war with the dragon. He figures prominently in Jewish writings of the intertestamental period, including the Qumran War Scroll. It is also used as a human name in 2 Chron. 21:2.
Edited for BibleTexts.com by Robert Nguyen Cramer