Harperís Bible Dictionary
edited by Paul J. Achtemier (San Francisco: Harper and Row, 1985)
You are strongly recommended to add to your library the excellent revised edition of Harper's Bible Dictionary titled, The Harper Collins Bible Dictionary, Revised Edition, edited by Paul J. Achtemeier, with the Society of Biblical Literature (NY: Harper Collins, 1996). It is currently the best one-volume Bible dictionary in English, and it is available at Border's Books, Christian Science Reading Rooms, http://www.borders.com, or http://www.christianbook.com.
Nabal (Heb., Ďfoolí), a Calebite who acquired much wealth from raising sheep and goats in Carmel and who was married to a beautiful woman named Abigail. Shortly after the death of Samuel when David and his men were encamped in the Wilderness of Paran, David sent messengers to Nabal requesting food for his soldiers. Even though Davidís men had done no harm to Nabalís sheepshearers, Nabal (true to the meaning of his name) responded to the request with insults. As David gathered his men to avenge this impropriety, Abigail went out to meet David with provisions and with a plea for mercy. When Abigail reported Davidís favorable response to her husband the morning after a drunken feast, Nabal became ill and died ten days later. His death not only prevented David from committing an evil act of revenge but also provided him with Abigail to be his wife and the mother of his son Chileab (1 Sam. 25:1-42; 2 Sam. 3:3).
Edited for BibleTexts.com by Robert Nguyen Cramer