Glossary of Terms



Harper’s Bible Dictionary

edited by Paul J. Achtemier (San Francisco: Harper and Row, 1985)

You are strongly recommended to add to your library the excellent revised edition of Harper's Bible Dictionary titled, The Harper Collins Bible Dictionary, Revised Edition [book review], edited by Paul J. Achtemeier, with the Society of Biblical Literature (NY: Harper Collins, 1996). It is currently the best one-volume Bible dictionary in English, and it is available at Border's Books, Christian Science Reading Rooms,, or


1 Daughter of Herod (not Philip as in Matt. 14:3; Mark 6:17), son of Herod the Great, and of Herodias. Matt. 14:3-11 and Mark 6:17-28 tell the story of her dance before her uncle and now step-father, Herod Antipas, and her request, at the instigation of her mother, for the head of John the Baptist. Josephus, who does not recount this incident, gives the location of John’s imprisonment and death as the grim Herodian fortress of Machaerus; he also gives Salome’s name (in the Gospels she is identified only as the daughter of Herodias). Salome later married her uncle Herod Philip the tetrarch.

2 According to Mark 15:40 and 16:1, one of the Galilean women at Jesus’ crucifixion and later at the empty tomb, perhaps the wife of Zebedee and thus the mother of James and John (cf. Matt. 27:56).


Topical index of terms
Edited for by Robert Nguyen Cramer
Top of page