Glossary of Terms

Shadrach / Hananiah


Harper’s Bible Dictionary

edited by Paul J. Achtemier (San Francisco: Harper and Row, 1985)

You are strongly recommended to add to your library the excellent revised edition of Harper's Bible Dictionary titled, The Harper Collins Bible Dictionary, Revised Edition [book review], edited by Paul J. Achtemeier, with the Society of Biblical Literature (NY: Harper Collins, 1996). It is currently the best one-volume Bible dictionary in English, and it is available at Border's Books, Christian Science Reading Rooms,, or

Shadrach, the Babylonian name given to Hananiah, one of Daniel’s three companions (Dan. 1:7), subsequently thrown into the fiery furnace. The etymology is uncertain. It has been taken as a deliberate pejorative variation of Marduk, god of Babylon.

Hananiah (Heb., ‘God has favored me [with a child]’), a name borne by at least ten biblical personages. Two are well known. 1 Hananiah, the son of Azur, who died for falsely prophesying against Jeremiah (Jer. 28). 2 Hananiah, also called Shadrach, one of Daniel’s three friends who was miraculously saved from the fiery furnace (Dan. 1-3).


Topical index of terms
Edited for by Robert Nguyen Cramer
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