Glossary of Terms



Harper’s Bible Dictionary

edited by Paul J. Achtemier (San Francisco: Harper and Row, 1985)

You are strongly recommended to add to your library the excellent revised edition of Harper's Bible Dictionary titled, The Harper Collins Bible Dictionary, Revised Edition [book review], edited by Paul J. Achtemeier, with the Society of Biblical Literature (NY: Harper Collins, 1996). It is currently the best one-volume Bible dictionary in English, and it is available at Border's Books, Christian Science Reading Rooms,, or

Shebnah, the state secretary of King Hezekiah at the time of Sennacherib’s campaign against Judah (2 Kings 18:18-19:2; Isa. 36:3-37:2). Apparently he had been demoted to this position from the higher office of royal steward following a bitter critique of Isaiah (Isa. 22:15-25).


The New Bible Dictionary

Edited by J.D. Douglas (Wheaton, Illinois: Tyndale House Publishers, 1962)

SHEBNA. A high official under Hezekiah, variously designated minister (‘which is over the house’, Is. 22:15), secretary (‘scribe’, 2 Ki. 18:18; 19:2; Is. 36:3), and state official (‘treasurer’, Is. 22:15). A man of wealth, he was rebuked by Isaiah for preparing a conspicuously monumental rock-hewn tomb and his downfall predicted (Is. 22:15-19). Part of the inscribed lintel from such a tomb has been recovered (N. Avigad, IEJ 3, 1953, pp. 137-152; D. J. Wiseman, IBA, 1958, p. 59).


Topical index of terms
Edited for by Robert Nguyen Cramer
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