Glossary of Terms



Harper’s Bible Dictionary

edited by Paul J. Achtemier (San Francisco: Harper and Row, 1985)

You are strongly recommended to add to your library the excellent revised edition of Harper's Bible Dictionary titled, The Harper Collins Bible Dictionary, Revised Edition [book review], edited by Paul J. Achtemeier, with the Society of Biblical Literature (NY: Harper Collins, 1996). It is currently the best one-volume Bible dictionary in English, and it is available at Border's Books, Christian Science Reading Rooms,, or


  1. Simon Maccabeus, the son of Mattathias Hashmon, a ruler in Palestine (142-134 b.c.).
  2. Simon Peter, one of the twelve apostles (Matt. 10:2; Mark 3:16; Luke 6:14).
  3. The second ‘Simon’ among the Twelve, otherwise called Simon ‘the Zealot’ (Luke 6:15; Acts 1:13) or ‘the Cananaean’ (Matt. 10:4; Mark 3:18).
  4. Judas Iscariot’s father (John 6:71; 13:2, 26).
  5. One of Jesus’ brothers (Matt. 13:55; Mark 6:3).
  6. The leper of Bethany in whose house Jesus was anointed with ‘very expensive ointment’ (Matt. 26:6-13; Mark 14:3-9).
  7. The Pharisee whose house was the scene of Jesus’ anointing by a ‘sinful’ woman (Luke 7:36-50, likely a variant verison of 6).
  8. ‘A man of Cyrene’ (North Africa) identified by Mark as father of Alexander and Rufus, who was compelled to carry Jesus’ cross (Matt. 27:32; Mark 15:21; Luke 23:26).
  9. The leatherworker (tanner) in Joppa with whom Peter remained ‘for many days’; during this stay Peter had his vision of the clean and unclean animals (Acts 9:43; 10:5-6, 32).
  10. Simon Magus, a magician from Samaria (Acts 8:9-24).

To explore the relationship between the various disciples, browse:


Topical index of terms
Edited for by Robert Nguyen Cramer
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