Glossary of Terms



Harper’s Bible Dictionary

edited by Paul J. Achtemier (San Francisco: Harper and Row, 1985)

You are strongly recommended to add to your library the excellent revised edition of Harper's Bible Dictionary titled, The Harper Collins Bible Dictionary, Revised Edition [book review], edited by Paul J. Achtemeier, with the Society of Biblical Literature (NY: Harper Collins, 1996). It is currently the best one-volume Bible dictionary in English, and it is available at Border's Books, Christian Science Reading Rooms,, or

Vashti, the queen of the Persian king Ahasuerus (Xerxes I); her royal position was taken from her because she refused to obey a summons from the king (Esther 1:9-22).

See also: Commentary explaining Vashti's refusal to obey Xerxes at


All glossary terms
Edited for by Robert Nguyen Cramer
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