Glossary of Terms



Harper’s Bible Dictionary

edited by Paul J. Achtemier (San Francisco: Harper and Row, 1985)

You are strongly recommended to add to your library the excellent revised edition of Harper's Bible Dictionary titled, The Harper Collins Bible Dictionary, Revised Edition [book review], edited by Paul J. Achtemeier, with the Society of Biblical Literature (NY: Harper Collins, 1996). It is currently the best one-volume Bible dictionary in English, and it is available at Border's Books, Christian Science Reading Rooms,, or

Maacah (sometimes Maachah in the KJV; meaning uncertain).

1 A small state south of Mt. Hermon, apparently encompassing the northern half of the Golan Heights, bounded by the other non-Israelite state of the Golan, Geshur, on its south. The Transjordanian tribes of Israel (Reuben, Gad, the half-tribe of Manasseh) failed to conquer Maacah and Geshur (Josh. 13:11, 13; cf. 12:5; Deut. 3:14). Subsequently, the king of Maacah joined the Ammonites and Arameans in their unsuccessful war against David (2 Sam. 10:6, 8; 1 Chron. 19:7). Following its defeat, Maacah probably became tributary to David (2 Sam. 10:19). Maacah and Geshur were evidently absorbed into the expanding Aramean kingdom of Damascus after the time of Solomon.

2 The concubine of Caleb (1 Chron. 2:48).

3 The wife of Machir, Manasseh’s son (1 Chron. 7:15-16).

4 The wife of Gibeon, or Jehiel, one of Saul’s ancestors (1 Chron. 8:29; 9:35).

5 A princess of Geshur who married David and was the mother of Absalom and Tamar (2 Sam. 3:3).

6 The daughter of Absalom, who became the favorite wife of King Rehoboam and mother of Abijah (1 Kings 15:2; 2 Chron. 11:20-22), whom Asa finally deposed from her position of queen mother because of her involvement in idolatry (2 Chron. 15:16).

7 A son of Nahor, Abraham’s brother (Gen. 22:24).

8 The father of Achish, king of Gath (1 Kings 2:39).

9 The father of Hanun who was one of David’s mighty men (1 Chron. 11:43).

10 The father of Shephatiah, one of David’s officials (1 Chron. 27:16).

Copyright 1996-2005 Robert Nguyen Cramer

David and his wives.

It should be noted that marriage was often a tool used to consolidate political power and alliances.

The following are the wives of David that are mentioned in the Bible. Based upon the number of his children, David possibly had additional wives and/or concubines. (See 2Sa 5:14; 1Ch 3:5-9; 1Ch 14:4-7)


Topical index of terms
Edited for by Robert Nguyen Cramer
Top of page