Bible Lesson Study Aid - Study Edition
for the week of Monday, May 24, through Sunday, May 30, 2004 (version 18.104.22.168 - added notes to B2, B7-B9, B11, et al)
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|Bible Lesson - early articles in CSJ & CSS about||Bible Lesson - history of||Bible Lesson - importance of||Bible Lesson - resources|
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|Sections of the Bible Lesson - and TEV paragraph headings for each citation|
|GT/RR||Section 1||Section 2||Section 3||Section 4||Section 5||Section 6|
|GT - The Song of Moses||B1 - A Song of Praise||B6 - A Prayer for Protection||B11 - The King of Moab Sends for Balaam. Balaam and His Donkey||B12 - Jesus Begins His Work in Galilee. Jesus Heals Many People||B14 - Paul Sails for Rome. The Storm at Sea. The Shipwreck||B16 - The Coming of Jesus|
|RR1 - God's Assurance to Israel||B2 - The Last Words of Jacob||B7 - David Flees from Jerusalem||B17 - The Seventh Trumpet|
|RR2 - God Promises to Rescue His People||B3 - A Prayer for Protection||B8 - Absalom in Jerusalem||B13 - The Twelve Apostles. The Mission of the Twelve||B15 - In Malta||B18 - The Woman and the Dragon|
|B4 - Solomon's Proverbs||B9 - Hushai Misleads Absalom. David Is Warned and Escapes||B19 - The Wedding Feast of the Lamb|
|B5 - Friendship with the World||B10 - Individual Responsibility"|
"Questions to explore" and "People mentioned" in this week's Bible Lesson
|Questions||PEOPLE - Bible dictionary definitions||PEOPLE - S&H references|
When using the online "Strong's" lexicon links below, delete any preceding zeros when inputting the Strong's numbers.
Golden Text and Responsive Reading
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|GT - Exo 15||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 6 Thy right hand, O Lord, is become glorious in power:
7 And in the greatness
of thine excellency thou hast overthrown them that rose up against thee:
NRSV - 6 Your right hand, O LORD, glorious in power...
7 In the greatness of your majesty you overthrew your adversaries;...
TEV - "The Song of Moses" - 6 "Your right hand, LORD, is awesome in power; it breaks the enemy in pieces. 7 In majestic triumph you overthrow your foes; your anger blazes out and burns them up like straw. 8 You blew on the sea and the water piled up high; it stood up straight like a wall; the deepest part of the sea became solid. 9 The enemy said, "I will pursue them and catch them; I will divide their wealth and take all I want; I will draw my sword and take all they have." 10 But one breath from you, LORD, and the Egyptians were drowned; they sank like lead in the terrible water.
|RR1 - Isa 41||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
NRSV - 10 do not fear, for I am with you, do not be afraid, for I am your God; I will strengthen you, I will help you, I will uphold you with my victorious right hand. 11 Yes, all who are incensed against you shall be ashamed and disgraced; those who strive against you shall be as nothing and shall perish. 12 You shall seek those who contend with you, but you shall not find them; those who war against you shall be as nothing at all. 13 For I, the LORD your God, hold your right hand; it is I who say to you, "Do not fear, I will help you."
TEV - "God's Assurance to Israel" - 8 "But you, Israel my servant, you are the people that I have chosen, the descendants of Abraham, my friend. 9 I brought you from the ends of the earth; I called you from its farthest corners and said to you, "You are my servant.' I did not reject you, but chose you. 10 Do not be afraid -- I am with you! I am your God -- let nothing terrify you! I will make you strong and help you; I will protect you and save you. 11 "Those who are angry with you will know the shame of defeat. Those who fight against you will die 12 and will disappear from the earth. 13 I am the LORD your God; I strengthen you and tell you, "Do not be afraid; I will help you."
|RR2 - Isa 43||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 2 When thou passest through the waters, I will be with thee; and through the rivers, they shall not overflow thee: when thou walkest through the fire, thou shalt not be burned; neither shall the flame kindle upon thee.
4 Since thou wast precious
in my sight, thou hast been honourable, and I have loved thee:
NRSV - 2 When you pass through the waters, I will be with you; and through the rivers, they shall not overwhelm you; when you walk through fire you shall not be burned, and the flame shall not consume you.
4 Because you are precious
in my sight, and honored, and I love you,...
TEV - "God Promises to Rescue His People" - 1 Israel, the LORD who created you says, "Do not be afraid -- I will save you. I have called you by name -- you are mine. 2 When you pass through deep waters, I will be with you; your troubles will not overwhelm you. When you pass through fire, you will not be burned; the hard trials that come will not hurt you. 3 For I am the LORD your God, the holy God of Israel, who saves you. I will give up Egypt to set you free; I will give up Sudan and Seba. 4 I will give up whole nations to save your life, because you are precious to me and because I love you and give you honor. 5 Do not be afraid -- I am with you!
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|B1 - 1Ch 16||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 11 Seek the Lord and his strength, seek his face continually.
31 Let the heavens be glad, and let the earth rejoice: and let men say among the nations, The Lord reigneth.
34 O give thanks unto the
Lord; for he is good;
NRSV - 11 Seek the LORD and his strength, seek his presence continually.
31 Let the heavens be glad, and let the earth rejoice, and let them say among the nations, "The LORD is king!"
34 O give thanks to the LORD, for he is good;...
TEV - "A Song of Praise" - 8 Give thanks to the LORD, proclaim his greatness; tell the nations what he has done. 9 Sing praise to the LORD; tell the wonderful things he has done. 10 Be glad that we belong to him; let all who worship him rejoice! 11 Go to the LORD for help, and worship him continually. 12...13 You descendants of Jacob, God's servant, descendants of Israel, whom God chose, remember the miracles that God performed and the judgments that he gave. 14 The LORD is our God; his commands are for all the world.
29 Praise the LORD's glorious
name; bring an offering and come into his Temple. Bow down before the Holy One
when he appears; 30 tremble before him, all the earth! The earth is set firmly
in place and cannot be moved. 31 Be glad, earth and sky! Tell the nations
that the LORD is king. 32 Roar, sea, and every creature in you; be glad,
fields, and everything in you! 33 The trees in the woods will shout for joy
when the LORD comes to rule the earth. 34 Give thanks to the LORD, because
he is good; his love is eternal. 35 Say to him, "Save us, O God our
Savior; gather us together; rescue us from the nations, so that we may be thankful
and praise your holy name." 36 Praise the LORD, the God of Israel! Praise
him now and forever! Then all the people said, "Amen," and praised
|B2 - Gen 49||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 1 And Jacob called unto his sons, and said, Gather yourselves together, that I may tell you that which shall befall you in the last days.
17 Dan shall be a serpent
by the way, an adder in the path, that biteth the horse heels, so that his
rider shall fall backward.
NRSV - 1 Then Jacob called his sons, and said: "Gather around, that I may tell you what will happen to you in days to come.
17 Dan shall be a snake
by the roadside, a viper along the path, that bites the horse's heels so that
its rider falls backward.
TEV - "The Last Words of Jacob" - 1 Jacob called for his sons and said, "Gather around, and I will tell you what will happen to you in the future: 2 "Come together and listen, sons of Jacob. Listen to your father Israel. 3 "Reuben, my first-born, you are my strength And the first child of my manhood, The proudest and strongest of all my sons. 4 You are like a raging flood, But you will not be the most important, For you slept with my concubine And dishonored your father's bed.
16 "Dan will be a ruler for his people. They will be like the other tribes of Israel. 17 Dan will be a snake at the side of the road, A poisonous snake beside the path, That strikes at the horse's heel, So that the rider is thrown off backward. 18 "I wait for your deliverance, LORD. 19 "Gad will be attacked by a band of robbers, But he will turn and pursue them. 20 "Asher's land will produce rich food. He will provide food fit for a king.
A reference to the kind of warfare by which the Danites grew in power.
The little snake, concealed by the wayside, may unhorse the rider as effectually as a fully armed antagonist: by such insidious, but not ignoble, warfare Dan in spite of his weakness may succeed.
It is intimated that this tribe should gain the principal part of its conquests more by cunning and stratagem, than by valour; and this is seen particularly in the conquest of Laish, Judges xvii., and even in some of the transactions of Samson, such as burning the corn of the Philistines, and at last pulling down their temple, and destroying three thousand at one time, see Judg. xvi. 26-30.
|B3 - Psa 140||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 4 Keep me, O Lord, from the hands of the wicked; preserve me from the violent man; who have purposed to overthrow my goings.
7 O God the Lord, the
strength of my salvation, thou hast covered my head in the day of battle.
8 Grant not, O Lord, the desires of the wicked: further not his wicked device;
lest they exalt themselves.
NRSV - 4 Guard me, O LORD, from the hands of the wicked; protect me from the violent who have planned my downfall.
7 O LORD, my Lord, my
strong deliverer, you have covered my head in the day of battle. 8 Do not
grant, O LORD, the desires of the wicked; do not further their evil plot.
TEV - "A Prayer for Protection" - 4 Protect me, LORD, from the power of the wicked; keep me safe from violent men who plot my downfall. 5 Proud men have set a trap for me; they have laid their snares, and along the path they have set traps to catch me. 6 I say to the LORD, "You are my God." Hear my cry for help, LORD! 7 My Sovereign LORD, my strong defender, you have protected me in battle. 8 LORD, don't give the wicked what they want; don't let their plots succeed.
|B4 - Pro 14||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 22 Do they not err that devise evil? but mercy and truth shall be to them that devise good.
26 In the fear of the
Lord is strong confidence: and his children shall have a place of refuge.
NRSV - 22 Do they not err that plan evil? Those who plan good find loyalty and faithfulness.
26 In the fear of the
LORD one has strong confidence, and one's children will have a refuge.
TEV - "Solomon's Proverbs" - 22 You will earn the trust and respect of others if you work for good; if you work for evil, you are making a mistake. 23 Work and you will earn a living; if you sit around talking you will be poor. 24 Wise people are rewarded with wealth, but fools are known by their foolishness. 25 A witness saves lives when he tells the truth; when he tells lies, he betrays people. 26 Reverence for the LORD gives confidence and security to a man and his family. 27 Do you want to avoid death? Reverence for the LORD is a fountain of life.
|B5 - Jam 4||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 7 Submit yourselves therefore to God. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you. 8 Draw nigh to God, and he will draw nigh to you
NRSV - 7 Submit yourselves therefore to God. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you. 8 Draw near to God, and he will draw near to you...
TEV - "Friendship with the World" - 7 So then, submit yourselves to God. Resist the Devil, and he will run away from you. 8 Come near to God, and he will come near to you. Wash your hands, you sinners! Purify your hearts, you hypocrites! 9 Be sorrowful, cry, and weep; change your laughter into crying, your joy into gloom! 10 Humble yourselves before the Lord, and he will lift you up.
Study aids for correlative Bible Lesson passages from Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures
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|B6 - Psa 64||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 2 Hide me from the secret counsel of the wicked; from the insurrection of the workers of iniquity: 3 Who whet their tongue like a sword, and bend their bows to shoot their arrows, even bitter words:
NRSV - 2 Hide me from the secret plots of the wicked, from the scheming of evildoers, 3 who whet their tongues like swords, who aim bitter words like arrows,
TEV - "A Prayer for Protection" - 1 I am in trouble, God -- listen to my prayer! I am afraid of my enemies -- save my life! 2 Protect me from the plots of the wicked, from mobs of evil men. 3 They sharpen their tongues like swords and aim cruel words like arrows. 4 They are quick to spread their shameless lies; they destroy good men with cowardly slander. 5 They encourage each other in their evil plots; they talk about where they will place their traps. "No one can see them," they say.
|B7 - 2Sa 15||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 31 And one told David, saying, Ahithophel is among the conspirators with Absalom
NRSV - 31 David was told that Ahithophel was among the conspirators with Absalom...
TEV - "David Flees from Jerusalem" - 30 David went on up the Mount of Olives crying; he was barefoot and had his head covered as a sign of grief. All who followed him covered their heads and cried also. 31 When David was told that Ahithophel had joined Absalom's rebellion, he prayed, "Please, LORD, turn Ahithophel's advice into nonsense!"
Harpers Bible Commentary (edited by James Luther Mays, New York: Harper and Row, 1988) comments:
Word comes of Ahithophels treachery, to which David responds with a prayer: Yhwh, please turn the counsel of Ahithophel into folly (v. 31). And it came to pass, continues the narrator, that when David came to the summit, where God was worshiped, behold, Hushai came to meet him (v. 32). As the story unfolds it will become clear that Hushai is the answer to Davids prayer. The kings friend (v. 37; 16:16) will persuade Absalom to reject Ahithophels advice and so allow David to escape safely across the Jordan (17:1-22). The narrator makes explicit the connections in 17:14: For Yhwh had ordained to frustrate the good counsel of Ahithophel, in order that Yhwh might bring evil upon Absalom.
Ahithophel, summoned to treachery as Absalom offered sacrifices at Hebron, finds his best counsel rejected. Hushai, called to loyalty as David prays where God is worshiped, finds his deceptive counsel accepted. Irony is a hallmark of Yhwhs workings in this story.
|B8 - 2Sa 16||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 21 And Ahithophel said unto Absalom, Go in unto thy father's concubines, which he hath left to keep the house; and all Israel shall hear that thou art abhorred of thy father: then shall the hands of all that are with thee be strong.
23 And the counsel
of Ahithophel, which he counselled in those days, was as if a man had inquired
at the oracle of God:
NRSV - 21 Ahithophel said to Absalom, "Go in to your father's concubines, the ones he has left to look after the house; and all Israel will hear that you have made yourself odious to your father, and the hands of all who are with you will be strengthened."
23 Now in those days
the counsel that Ahithophel gave was as if one consulted the oracle of God;...
TEV - "Absalom in Jerusalem" - 21 Ahithophel answered, "Go and have intercourse with your father's concubines whom he left behind to take care of the palace. Then everyone in Israel will know that your father regards you as his enemy, and your followers will be greatly encouraged." 22 So they set up a tent for Absalom on the palace roof, and in the sight of everyone Absalom went in and had intercourse with his father's concubines. 23 Any advice that Ahithophel gave in those days was accepted as though it were the very word of God; both David and Absalom followed it.
Ahithophel recommends the young king [Absalom] as a first step to take possession of his predecessor's harem. David is reported to have acted similarly with Saul's harem (12.8), and this may have been the usual custom. Here, however, there is the added point that Absalom's predecessor was also his father. Reuben, who lies with his father's concubine, incurs a curse (Gen. 35:22; 49:3f.) and loses the right of a firstborn. Absalom's act must have been assessed in the same way by those who narrated it and heard of it. What at first sight is a move of infamous skill, in practice and in the long run proves to be the reason for Absalom's failure, in that he sets himself above human and divine law.
|B9 - 2Sa 17||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 1 Moreover Ahithophel said unto Absalom, Let me now choose out twelve thousand men, and I will arise and pursue after David this night:
6 And when Hushai was come to Absalom, Absalom spake unto him, saying, Ahithophel hath spoken after this manner: shall we do after his saying? if not; speak thou. 7 And Hushai said unto Absalom, The counsel that Ahithophel hath given is not good at this time.
14 And Absalom and all the men of Israel said, The counsel of Hushai the Archite is better than the counsel of Ahithophel
15 Then said Hushai unto Zadok and to Abiathar the priests, Thus and thus did Ahithophel counsel Absalom and the elders of Israel; and thus and thus have I counselled. 16 Now therefore send quickly, and tell David, saying, Lodge not this night in the plains of the wilderness, but speedily pass over;
22 Then David arose,
and all the people that were with him, and they passed over Jordan: by the
morning light there lacked not one of them that was not gone over Jordan.
23 And when Ahithophel saw that his counsel was not followed, he saddled
his ass, and arose, and gat him home to his house, to his city, and put
his household in order, and hanged himself, and died, and was buried in
the sepulchre of his father.
NRSV - 1 Moreover Ahithophel said to Absalom, "Let me choose twelve thousand men, and I will set out and pursue David tonight.
6 When Hushai came to Absalom, Absalom said to him, "This is what Ahithophel has said; shall we do as he advises? If not, you tell us." 7 Then Hushai said to Absalom, "This time the counsel that Ahithophel has given is not good."
14 Absalom and all the men of Israel said, "The counsel of Hushai the Archite is better than the counsel of Ahithophel."... For the LORD had ordained to defeat the good counsel of Ahithophel,...
15 Then Hushai said to the priests Zadok and Abiathar, "Thus and so did Ahithophel counsel Absalom and the elders of Israel; and thus and so I have counseled. 16 Therefore send quickly and tell David, "Do not lodge tonight at the fords of the wilderness, but by all means cross over;...
22 So David and all
the people who were with him set out and crossed the Jordan; by daybreak
not one was left who had not crossed the Jordan. 23 When Ahithophel saw
that his counsel was not followed, he saddled his donkey and went off home
to his own city. He set his house in order, and hanged himself; he died
and was buried in the tomb of his father.
TEV - "Hushai Misleads Absalom" - 1 Not long after that, Ahithophel said to Absalom, "Let me choose twelve thousand men, and tonight I will set out after David. 2 I will attack him while he is tired and discouraged. He will be frightened, and all his men will run away. I will kill only the king 3 and then bring back all his men to you, like a bride returning to her husband. You want to kill only one man; the rest of the people will be safe." 4 This seemed like good advice to Absalom and all the Israelite leaders. 5 Absalom said, "Now call Hushai, and let us hear what he has to say." 6 When Hushai arrived, Absalom said to him, "This is the advice that Ahithophel has given us; shall we follow it? If not, you tell us what to do." 7 Hushai answered, "The advice Ahithophel gave you this time is no good. 8 You know that your father David and his men are hard fighters and that they are as fierce as a mother bear robbed of her cubs. Your father is an experienced soldier and does not stay with his men at night. 9 Right now he is probably hiding in a cave or some other place. As soon as David attacks your men, whoever hears about it will say that your men have been defeated. 10 Then even the bravest men, as fearless as lions, will be afraid because everyone in Israel knows that your father is a great soldier and that his men are hard fighters.
14 Absalom and all the Israelites said, "Hushai's advice is better than Ahithophel's." The LORD had decided that Ahithophel's good advice would not be followed, so that disaster would come on Absalom. 15 Then Hushai told the priests Zadok and Abiathar what advice he had given to Absalom and the Israelite leaders and what advice Ahithophel had given. 16 Hushai added, "Quick, now! Send a message to David not to spend the night at the river crossings in the wilderness, but to cross the Jordan at once, so that he and his men won't all be caught and killed."
"David Is Warned and Escapes" - 20 Absalom's officials came to the house and asked the woman, "Where are Ahimaaz and Jonathan?" "They crossed the river," she answered. The men looked for them but could not find them, and so they returned to Jerusalem. 21 After they left, Ahimaaz and Jonathan came up out of the well and went and reported to King David. They told him what Ahithophel had planned against him and said, "Hurry up and cross the river." 22 So David and his men started crossing the Jordan, and by daybreak they had all gone across. 23 When Ahithophel saw that his advice had not been followed, he saddled his donkey and went back to his hometown. After putting his affairs in order, he hanged himself. He was buried in the family grave. 24 David had reached the town of Mahanaim by the time Absalom and the Israelites had crossed the Jordan. (25 Absalom had put Amasa in command of the army in the place of Joab. Amasa was the son of Jether the Ishmaelite; his mother was Abigail, the daughter of Nahash and the sister of Joab's mother Zeruiah.) 26 Absalom and his men camped in the land of Gilead.
|B10 - Eze 33||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 11 Say unto them, As I live, saith the Lord God, I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked; but that the wicked turn from his way and live:
NRSV - 11 Say to them, As I live, says the Lord GOD, I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked, but that the wicked turn from their ways and live;...
TEV - "Individual Responsibility" - 10 The LORD spoke to me. "Mortal man," he said, "repeat to the Israelites what they are saying: "We are burdened with our sins and the wrongs we have done. We are wasting away. How can we live?'11 Tell them that as surely as I, the Sovereign LORD, am the living God, I do not enjoy seeing a sinner die. I would rather see him stop sinning and live. Israel, stop the evil you are doing. Why do you want to die?
Individual Punishment and Reward. After recommissioning Ezekiel, God repeats the message of 18:21-32 as an indication of what the prophet must say to the people (see commentary above on 18:21-32). The people who survive the destruction of Jerusalem, whether they live in Judah or in Babylon, are not to interpret their survival as a sign of their righteousness. They are still rebels, and the basic principle of chap. 18 still applies to them. If they repent of their wicked ways and remain righteous, they will live. This is what God intends (v. 11). However, if they refuse to repent or if they turn away from righteousness, then they will die for their sins.
Study aids for correlative Bible Lesson passages from Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures
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|B11 - Num 22||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 2 And Balak the son of Zippor saw all that Israel had done to the Amorites.
5 He sent messengers therefore unto Balaam the son of Beor to Pethor, which is by the river of the land of the children of his people, to call him, saying, Behold, there is a people come out from Egypt: behold, they cover the face of the earth, and they abide over against me: 6 Come now therefore, I pray thee, curse me this people; for they are too mighty for me:
21 And Balaam rose up in the morning, and saddled his ass, and went with the princes of Moab.
23 And the ass saw the angel of the Lord standing in the way, and his sword drawn in his hand: and the ass turned aside out of the way, and went into the field: and Balaam smote the ass, to turn her into the way. 24 But the angel of the Lord stood in a path of the vineyards, a wall being on this side, and a wall on that side. 25 And when the ass saw the angel of the Lord, she thrust herself unto the wall, and crushed Balaam's foot against the wall: and he smote her again. 26 And the angel of the Lord went further, and stood in a narrow place, where was no way to turn either to the right hand or to the left. 27 And when the ass saw the angel of the Lord, she fell down under Balaam: and Balaam's anger was kindled, and he smote the ass with a staff.
31 Then the Lord opened the eyes of Balaam, and he saw the angel of the Lord standing in the way, and his sword drawn in his hand: and he bowed down his head, and fell flat on his face. 32 And the angel of the Lord said unto him, Wherefore hast thou smitten thine ass these three times? behold, I went out to withstand thee, because thy way is perverse before me:
34 And Balaam said
unto the angel of the Lord, I have sinned; for I knew not that thou stoodest
in the way against me: now therefore, if it displease thee, I will get me
back again. 35 And the angel of the Lord said unto Balaam, Go with the men:
but only the word that I shall speak unto thee, that thou shalt speak
NRSV - 2 Now Balak son of Zippor saw all that Israel had done to the Amorites.
5 He sent messengers to Balaam son of Beor at Pethor, which is on the Euphrates, in the land of Amaw, to summon him, saying, "A people has come out of Egypt; they have spread over the face of the earth, and they have settled next to me. 6 Come now, curse this people for me, since they are stronger than I;...
21 So Balaam got up in the morning, saddled his donkey, and went with the officials of Moab.
23 The donkey saw the angel of the LORD standing in the road, with a drawn sword in his hand; so the donkey turned off the road, and went into the field; and Balaam struck the donkey, to turn it back onto the road. 24 Then the angel of the LORD stood in a narrow path between the vineyards, with a wall on either side. 25 When the donkey saw the angel of the LORD, it scraped against the wall, and scraped Balaam's foot against the wall; so he struck it again. 26 Then the angel of the LORD went ahead, and stood in a narrow place, where there was no way to turn either to the right or to the left. 27 When the donkey saw the angel of the LORD, it lay down under Balaam; and Balaam's anger was kindled, and he struck the donkey with his staff.
31 Then the LORD opened the eyes of Balaam, and he saw the angel of the LORD standing in the road, with his drawn sword in his hand; and he bowed down, falling on his face. 32 The angel of the LORD said to him, "Why have you struck your donkey these three times? I have come out as an adversary, because your way is perverse before me.
34 Then Balaam said
to the angel of the LORD, "I have sinned, for I did not know that you
were standing in the road to oppose me. Now therefore, if it is displeasing
to you, I will return home." 35 The angel of the LORD said to Balaam,
"Go with the men; but speak only what I tell you to speak."...
TEV - "The King of Moab Sends for Balaam" - 2 When the king of Moab, Balak son of Zippor, heard what the Israelites had done to the Amorites and how many Israelites there were, 3 he and all his people became terrified. 4 The Moabites said to the leaders of the Midianites, "This horde will soon destroy everything around us, like a bull eating the grass in a pasture." So King Balak 5 sent messengers to summon Balaam son of Beor, who was at Pethor near the Euphrates River in the land of Amaw. They brought him this message from Balak: "I want you to know that a whole nation has come from Egypt; its people are spreading out everywhere and threatening to take over our land. 6 They outnumber us, so please come and put a curse on them for me. Then perhaps we will be able to defeat them and drive them out of the land. I know that when you pronounce a blessing, people are blessed, and when you pronounce a curse, they are placed under a curse."
18 But Balaam answered, "Even if Balak gave me all the silver and gold in his palace, I could not disobey the command of the LORD my God in even the smallest matter. 19 But please spend the night, as the others did, so that I may learn whether or not the LORD has something else to tell me." 20 That night God came to Balaam and said, "If these men have come to ask you to go with them, get ready and go, but do only what I tell you." 21 So the next morning Balaam saddled his donkey and went with the Moabite leaders.
"Balaam and His Donkey" - 22 God was angry that Balaam was going, and as Balaam was riding along on his donkey, accompanied by his two servants, the angel of the LORD stood in the road to bar his way. 23 When the donkey saw the angel standing there holding a sword, it left the road and turned into the fields. Balaam beat the donkey and brought it back onto the road. 24 Then the angel stood where the road narrowed between two vineyards and had a stone wall on each side. 25 When the donkey saw the angel, it moved over against the wall and crushed Balaam's foot against it. Again Balaam beat the donkey. 26 Once more the angel moved ahead; he stood in a narrow place where there was no room at all to pass on either side. 27 This time, when the donkey saw the angel, it lay down. Balaam lost his temper and began to beat the donkey with his stick. 28 Then the LORD gave the donkey the power of speech, and it said to Balaam, "What have I done to you? Why have you beaten me these three times?"
31 Then the LORD let Balaam see the angel standing there with his sword; and Balaam threw himself face downward on the ground. 32 The angel demanded, "Why have you beaten your donkey three times like this? I have come to bar your way, because you should not be making this journey. 33 But your donkey saw me and turned aside three times. If it hadn't, I would have killed you and spared the donkey." 34 Balaam replied, "I have sinned. I did not know that you were standing in the road to oppose me; but now if you think it is wrong for me to go on, I will return home." 35 But the angel said, "Go on with these men, but say only what I tell you to say." So Balaam went on with them.
Harpers Bible Commentary (edited by James Luther Mays, New York: Harper and Row, 1988) comments
22:1-24:25, A Crescendo of Hope: Balak and Balaam and the Blessing of Israel. Two main characters stand out in this enigmatic story. The first character is Balaam, a professional prophet or seer who travels about and curses military enemies for money. He is, in a sense, a hired gun, and his only weapons are words that have the power to curse. The second figure is Balak. He is the king of Moab, a country that borders the promised land of Canaan on the east side, just across the Jordan River. Balak fears that the large number of Israelites moving through his nation will attack and devastate his kingdom. He has no faith in his own army and so decides to turn elsewhere for help.
The story tells how King Balak decides to send his messengers to hire the professional curser, Balaam, to curse the millions of Israelites who are camped on the plains of Moab. Throughout the story, the Israelites remain oblivious to the drama taking place outside their camp. They rest in peace, totally unaware of the curse that threatens them and of Gods persistent efforts to block the curse and, instead, to bless Israel.
When Balaam is asked by Balaks messengers to curse Israel, God first tells Balaam not to go. Balaam complies with Gods command and refuses to go with the messengers to Balak. Finally, however, Balaam does go with his ass. They find some roadblocks along the way but eventually reach King Balak. Balak carefully makes the necessary preparations for Balaam to curse Israel. In three successive attempts, however, Balaam can only speak words of blessing and not of curse upon Israel. Balaams last blessing upon Israel is the most extravagant of all, as he promises a glorious future for Israel.
The Balaam story has been a source of intense fascination and great diversity in the history of biblical interpretation... Archaeologists have discovered writings on plaster panels in a temple at Deir Allah near the Jordan River that refer to a famous professional prophet named Balaam. These inscriptions are evidence that different traditions and stories about Balaam were well known and circulated widely. This variety of traditions has been incorporated into the biblical record.
Study aids for correlative Bible Lesson passages from Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures
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|B12 - Luk 4||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 14 And Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit into Galilee:
38 And he arose out
of the synagogue, and entered into Simon's house. And Simon's wife's mother
was taken with a great fever; and they besought him for her. 39 And he stood
over her, and rebuked the fever; and it left her: and immediately she arose
and ministered unto them. 40 Now when the sun was setting, all they that
had any sick with divers diseases brought them unto him; and he laid his
hands on every one of them, and healed them. 41 And devils also came out
of many, crying out, and saying, Thou art Christ the Son of God. And he
rebuking them suffered them not to speak: for they knew that he was Christ.
NRSV - 14 Then Jesus, filled with the power of the Spirit, returned to Galilee,...
38 After leaving the
synagogue he entered Simon's house. Now Simon's mother-in-law was suffering
from a high fever, and they asked him about her. 39 Then he stood over her
and rebuked the fever, and it left her. Immediately she got up and began
to serve them. 40 As the sun was setting, all those who had any who were
sick with various kinds of diseases brought them to him; and he laid his
hands on each of them and cured them. 41 Demons also came out of many, shouting,
"You are the Son of God!" But he rebuked them and would not allow
them to speak, because they knew that he was the Messiah.
TEV - "Jesus Begins His Work in Galilee" - 14 Then Jesus returned to Galilee, and the power of the Holy Spirit was with him. The news about him spread throughout all that territory. 15 He taught in the synagogues and was praised by everyone.
"Jesus Heals Many People" - 38 Jesus left the synagogue and went to Simon's home. Simon's mother-in-law was sick with a high fever, and they spoke to Jesus about her. 39 He went and stood at her bedside and ordered the fever to leave her. The fever left her, and she got up at once and began to wait on them. 40 After sunset all who had friends who were sick with various diseases brought them to Jesus; he placed his hands on every one of them and healed them all. 41 Demons also went out from many people, screaming, "You are the Son of God!" Jesus gave the demons an order and would not let them speak, because they knew he was the Messiah.
|B13 - Mat 10||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 1 And when he had called unto him his twelve disciples, he gave them power against unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal all manner of sickness and all manner of disease.
8 Heal the sick, cleanse
the lepers, raise the dead, cast out
devils [demons]: freely
ye have received, freely give.
NRSV - 1 Then Jesus summoned his twelve disciples and gave them authority over unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to cure every disease and every sickness.
8 Cure the sick, raise
the dead, cleanse the lepers, cast out demons. You received without payment;
give without payment.
TEV - "The Twelve Apostles" - 1 Jesus called his twelve disciples together and gave them authority to drive out evil spirits and to heal every disease and every sickness. 2 These are the names of the twelve apostles: first, Simon (called Peter) and his brother Andrew; James and his brother John, the sons of Zebedee; 3 Philip and Bartholomew; Thomas and Matthew, the tax collector; James son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus; 4 Simon the Patriot, and Judas Iscariot, who betrayed Jesus.
"The Mission of the Twelve" - 5 These twelve men were sent out by Jesus with the following instructions: "Do not go to any Gentile territory or any Samaritan towns. 6 Instead, you are to go to the lost sheep of the people of Israel. 7 Go and preach, "The Kingdom of heaven is near!' 8 Heal the sick, bring the dead back to life, heal those who suffer from dreaded skin diseases, and drive out demons. You have received without paying, so give without being paid. 9 Do not carry any gold, silver, or copper money in your pockets; 10 do not carry a beggar's bag for the trip or an extra shirt or shoes or a walking stick. A worker should be given what he needs.
Study aids for correlative Bible Lesson passages from Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures
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|B14 - Act 27||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 1 And when it was determined that we should sail into Italy, they delivered Paul and certain other prisoners unto one named Julius, a centurion of Augustus' band.
20 And when neither sun nor stars in many days appeared, and no small tempest lay on us, all hope that we should be saved was then taken away.
41 And falling into
a place where two seas met, they ran the ship aground; and the forepart
stuck fast, and remained unmoveable, but the hinder part was broken with
the violence of the waves.
NRSV - 1 When it was decided that we were to sail for Italy, they transferred Paul and some other prisoners to a centurion of the Augustan Cohort, named Julius.
20 When neither sun nor stars appeared for many days, and no small tempest raged, all hope of our being saved was at last abandoned.
41 But striking a reef,
they ran the ship aground; the bow stuck and remained immovable, but the
stern was being broken up by the force of the waves.
TEV - "Paul Sails for Rome" - 1 When it was decided that we should sail to Italy, they handed Paul and some other prisoners over to Julius, an officer in the Roman army regiment called "The Emperor's Regiment." 2 We went aboard a ship from Adramyttium, which was ready to leave for the seaports of the province of Asia, and we sailed away. Aristarchus, a Macedonian from Thessalonica, was with us. 3 The next day we arrived at Sidon. Julius was kind to Paul and allowed him to go and see his friends, to be given what he needed. 4 We went on from there, and because the winds were blowing against us, we sailed on the sheltered side of the island of Cyprus. 5 We crossed over the sea off Cilicia and Pamphylia and came to Myra in Lycia.
"The Storm at Sea" - 16 We got some shelter when we passed to the south of the little island of Cauda. There, with some difficulty we managed to make the ship's boat secure. 17 They pulled it aboard and then fastened some ropes tight around the ship. They were afraid that they might run into the sandbanks off the coast of Libya, so they lowered the sail and let the ship be carried by the wind. 18 The violent storm continued, so on the next day they began to throw some of the ship's cargo overboard, 19 and on the following day they threw part of the ship's equipment overboard. 20 For many days we could not see the sun or the stars, and the wind kept on blowing very hard. We finally gave up all hope of being saved.
- 39 When day came, the sailors did not recognize the coast, but they noticed
a bay with a beach and decided that, if possible, they would run the ship
aground there. 40 So they cut off the anchors and let them sink in the sea,
and at the same time they untied the ropes that held the steering oars.
Then they raised the sail at the front of the ship so that the wind would
blow the ship forward, and we headed for shore. 41 But the ship hit a
sandbank and went aground; the front part of the ship got stuck and could
not move, while the back part was being broken to pieces by the violence
of the waves.
|B15 - Act 28||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 1 And when they were escaped, then they knew that the island was called Melita.
3 And when Paul had
gathered a bundle of sticks, and laid them on the fire, there came a viper
out of the heat, and fastened on his hand. 4 And when the barbarians saw
venomous beast hang on his hand, they said among themselves,
No doubt this man is a murderer, whom, though he hath escaped the sea, yet
vengeance suffereth not to live. 5 And he shook off the beast into the fire,
and felt no harm. 6 Howbeit they looked when he should have swollen, or
fallen down dead suddenly: but after they had looked a great while, and
saw no harm come to him, they changed their minds, and said that he was
NRSV - 1 After we had reached safety, we then learned that the island was called Malta.
3 Paul had gathered
a bundle of brushwood and was putting it on the fire, when a viper, driven
out by the heat, fastened itself on his hand. 4 When the natives saw the
creature hanging from his hand, they said to one another, "This man
must be a murderer; though he has escaped from the sea, justice has not
allowed him to live." 5 He, however, shook off the creature into the
fire and suffered no harm. 6 They were expecting him to swell up or drop
dead, but after they had waited a long time and saw that nothing unusual
had happened to him, they changed their minds and began to say that he was
TEV - "In Malta" - 1 When we were safely ashore, we learned that the island was called Malta. 2 The natives there were very friendly to us. It had started to rain and was cold, so they built a fire and made us all welcome. 3 Paul gathered up a bundle of sticks and was putting them on the fire when a snake came out on account of the heat and fastened itself to his hand. 4 The natives saw the snake hanging on Paul's hand and said to one another, "This man must be a murderer, but Fate will not let him live, even though he escaped from the sea." 5 But Paul shook the snake off into the fire without being harmed at all. 6 They were waiting for him to swell up or suddenly fall down dead. But after waiting for a long time and not seeing anything unusual happening to him, they changed their minds and said, "He is a god!"
Study aids for correlative Bible Lesson passages from Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures
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|B16 - Rev 22||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 8 And I John saw these things, and heard them
NRSV - 8 I, John, am the one who heard and saw these things...
TEV - "The Coming of Jesus" - 8 I, John, have heard and seen all these things. And when I finished hearing and seeing them, I fell down at the feet of the angel who had shown me these things, and I was about to worship him. 9 But he said to me, "Don't do it! I am a fellow servant of yours and of your brothers the prophets and of all those who obey the words in this book. Worship God!" 10 And he said to me, "Do not keep the prophetic words of this book a secret, because the time is near when all this will happen. 11 Whoever is evil must go on doing evil, and whoever is filthy must go on being filthy; whoever is good must go on doing good, and whoever is holy must go on being holy."
|B17 - Rev 11||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
kingdoms [kingdom] of this world are
[has] become the kingdoms [kingdom] of our Lord,
and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever.
NRSV - 15 ..."The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of his Messiah, and he will reign forever and ever."
TEV - "The Seventh Trumpet" - 15 Then the seventh angel blew his trumpet, and there were loud voices in heaven, saying, "The power to rule over the world belongs now to our Lord and his Messiah, and he will rule forever and ever!" 16 Then the twenty-four elders who sit on their thrones in front of God threw themselves face downward and worshiped God, 17 saying: "Lord God Almighty, the one who is and who was! We thank you that you have taken your great power and have begun to rule!
|B18 - Rev 12||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 3 And there appeared another wonder in heaven; and behold a great red dragon, having seven heads and ten horns, and seven crowns upon his heads.
9 And the great dragon
was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth
the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast
out with him. 10 And I heard a loud voice saying in heaven, Now is come
salvation, and strength, and the kingdom of our God, and the power of his
Christ: for the accuser of our brethren is cast down, which accused them
before our God day and night.
NRSV - 3 Then another portent appeared in heaven: a great red dragon, with seven heads and ten horns, and seven diadems on his heads.
9 The great dragon was
thrown down, that ancient serpent, who is called the Devil and Satan, the
deceiver of the whole world -- he was thrown down to the earth, and his
angels were thrown down with him. 10 Then I heard a loud voice in heaven,
proclaiming, "Now have come the salvation and the power and the kingdom
of our God and the authority of his Messiah, for the accuser of our comrades
has been thrown down, who accuses them day and night before our God.
TEV - "The Woman and the Dragon" - 3 Another mysterious sight appeared in the sky. There was a huge red dragon with seven heads and ten horns and a crown on each of his heads. 4 With his tail he dragged a third of the stars out of the sky and threw them down to the earth. He stood in front of the woman, in order to eat her child as soon as it was born. 5 Then she gave birth to a son, who will rule over all nations with an iron rod. But the child was snatched away and taken to God and his throne. 6 The woman fled to the desert, to a place God had prepared for her, where she will be taken care of for 1,260 days. 7 Then war broke out in heaven. Michael and his angels fought against the dragon, who fought back with his angels; 8 but the dragon was defeated, and he and his angels were not allowed to stay in heaven any longer. 9 The huge dragon was thrown out -- that ancient serpent, named the Devil, or Satan, that deceived the whole world. He was thrown down to earth, and all his angels with him. 10 Then I heard a loud voice in heaven saying, "Now God's salvation has come! Now God has shown his power as King! Now his Messiah has shown his authority! For the one who stood before our God and accused our brothers day and night has been thrown out of heaven. 11 Our brothers won the victory over him by the blood of the Lamb and by the truth which they proclaimed; and they were willing to give up their lives and die. 12 And so be glad, you heavens, and all you that live there! But how terrible for the earth and the sea! For the Devil has come down to you, and he is filled with rage, because he knows that he has only a little time left."
|B19 - Rev 19||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 6 ...Alleluia: for the Lord God omnipotent reigneth.
NRSV - 6 ..."Hallelujah! For the Lord our God the Almighty reigns.
TEV - "The Wedding Feast of the Lamb" - 5 Then there came from the throne the sound of a voice, saying, "Praise our God, all his servants and all people, both great and small, who have reverence for him!" 6 Then I heard what sounded like a crowd, like the sound of a roaring waterfall, like loud peals of thunder. I heard them say, "Praise God! For the Lord, our Almighty God, is King! 7 Let us rejoice and be glad; let us praise his greatness! For the time has come for the wedding of the Lamb, and his bride has prepared herself for it. 8 She has been given clean shining linen to wear." (The linen is the good deeds of God's people.)
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