Bible Lesson Study Aid - Study Edition
for the week of Monday, June 7, through Sunday, June 13, 2004 (version 22.214.171.124 - correct B18, add notes to B22)
This Bible Lesson Study Aid is not the Bible Lesson but contains tools for exploring it.
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|Abbreviations||Bible Lesson Study Aid - description of resources||Bible Lesson Study Aid - Text-only Edition|
|Bible Lesson - early articles in CSJ & CSS about||Bible Lesson - history of||Bible Lesson - importance of||Bible Lesson - resources|
|Bible Lesson questions & Sunday School preparation||Sunday School Senior Class webpage||Info on contributing to the support of BibleTexts.com|
|Sections of the Bible Lesson - and TEV paragraph headings for each citation|
|GT/RR||Section 1||Section 2||Section 3||Section 4||Section 5||Section 6|
|GT - Moses Blesses the Tribes of Israel||B1 - The Prayer of Confession||B6 - The First Dialogue||B10 - Jeremiah Complains to the LORD||B14 - In Praise of God the Savior||B16 - A Prayer of Confidence||B20 - The Destiny of the Wicked and of the Good|
|RR - God Our Protector||B2 - God's Complete Knowledge and Care||B7 - Confession and Forgiveness||B11 - Jeremiah Buys a Field||B15 - Elisha Helps a Poor Widow||B17 - Words of Comfort to Jerusalem||B21 - Greeting|
|B3 - In Praise of Wisdom||B8 - King Ahaziah of Judah. Queen Athaliah of Judah||B12 - Jeremiah in a Dry Well||B18 - Jesus Calls Four Fishermen. Jesus Heals Many People||B22 - Paul's Sufferings as an Apostle|
|B4 - In Praise of God's Goodness||B9 - The Revolt against Athaliah. Jehoiada's Reforms||B13 - The Fall of Jerusalem. Jeremiah's Release||B19 - Jesus Heals the Sick in Gennesaret||B23 - Personal Words|
|B5 - The LORD Our Protector||B24 - God's Love in Christ Jesus|
"Questions to explore" and "People mentioned" in this week's Bible Lesson
|Questions||PEOPLE - Bible dictionary definitions||PEOPLE - S&H references|
When using the online "Strong's" lexicon links below, delete any preceding zeros when inputting the Strong's numbers.
Golden Text and Responsive Reading
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|GT - Deu 33||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 12 The beloved of the Lord shall dwell in safety by him;...
NRSV - 12 ...The beloved of the LORD rests in safety...
TEV - "Moses Blesses the Tribes of Israel" - 10 They will teach your people to obey your Law; They will offer sacrifices on your altar. 11 LORD, help their tribe to grow strong; Be pleased with what they do. Crush all their enemies; Let them never rise again." 12 About the tribe of Benjamin he said: "This is the tribe the LORD loves and protects; He guards them all the day long, And he dwells in their midst."
|RR - Psa 91||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
9 Because thou hast
made the Lord, which is my refuge, even the most High, thy habitation; 10
There shall no evil befall thee, neither shall any plague come nigh thy
dwelling. 11 For he shall give his angels charge over thee, to keep thee
in all thy ways.
NRSV - 1 You who live in the shelter of the Most High, who abide in the shadow of the Almighty, 2 will say to the LORD, "My refuge and my fortress; my God, in whom I trust." 3 For he will deliver you from the snare of the fowler and from the deadly pestilence; 4 he will cover you with his pinions, and under his wings you will find refuge; his faithfulness is a shield and buckler. 5 You will not fear the terror of the night, or the arrow that flies by day, 6 or the pestilence that stalks in darkness, or the destruction that wastes at noonday. 7 A thousand may fall at your side, ten thousand at your right hand, but it will not come near you.
9 Because you have made
the LORD your refuge, the Most High your dwelling place, 10 no evil shall befall
you, no scourge come near your tent. 11 For he will command his angels concerning
you to guard you in all your ways.
TEV - "God Our Protector" - 1 Whoever goes to the LORD for safety, whoever remains under the protection of the Almighty, 2 can say to him, "You are my defender and protector. You are my God; in you I trust." 3 He will keep you safe from all hidden dangers and from all deadly diseases. 4 He will cover you with his wings; you will be safe in his care; his faithfulness will protect and defend you. 5 You need not fear any dangers at night or sudden attacks during the day 6 or the plagues that strike in the dark or the evils that kill in daylight. 7 A thousand may fall dead beside you, ten thousand all around you, but you will not be harmed. 8 You will look and see how the wicked are punished. 9 You have made the LORD your defender, the Most High your protector, 10 and so no disaster will strike you, no violence will come near your home. 11 God will put his angels in charge of you to protect you wherever you go. 12 They will hold you up with their hands to keep you from hurting your feet on the stones. 13 You will trample down lions and snakes, fierce lions and poisonous snakes.
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|B1 - Neh 9||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 6 Thou, even thou, art Lord alone; thou hast made heaven, the heaven of heavens, with all their host, the earth, and all things that are therein, the seas, and all that is therein, and thou preservest them all; and the host of heaven worshippeth thee.
NRSV - 6 And Ezra said: "You are the LORD, you alone; you have made heaven, the heaven of heavens, with all their host, the earth and all that is on it, the seas and all that is in them. To all of them you give life, and the host of heaven worships you.
TEV - "The Prayer of Confession" - 6 And then the people of Israel prayed this prayer: "You, LORD, you alone are LORD; you made the heavens and the stars of the sky. You made land and sea and everything in them; you gave life to all. The heavenly powers bow down and worship you. 7 You, LORD God, chose Abram and led him out of Ur in Babylonia; you changed his name to Abraham.
|B2 - Psa 139||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 7 Whither shall I go from thy spirit? or whither shall I flee from thy presence? 8 If I ascend up into heaven, thou art there: if I make my bed in hell, behold, thou art there. 9 If I take the wings of the morning, and dwell in the uttermost parts of the sea; 10 Even there shall thy hand lead me, and thy right hand shall hold me.
13 For thou hast
[formed] my reins [innermost being]:
NRSV - 7 Where can I go from your spirit? Or where can I flee from your presence? 8 If I ascend to heaven, you are there; if I make my bed in Sheol, you are there. 9 If I take the wings of the morning and settle at the farthest limits of the sea, 10 even there your hand shall lead me, and your right hand shall hold me fast.
13 For it was you who
formed my inward parts; you knit me together in my mother's womb.
TEV - "God's Complete Knowledge and Care" - 7 Where could I go to escape from you? Where could I get away from your presence? 8 If I went up to heaven, you would be there; if I lay down in the world of the dead, you would be there. 9 If I flew away beyond the east or lived in the farthest place in the west, 10 you would be there to lead me, you would be there to help me. 11 I could ask the darkness to hide me or the light around me to turn into night, 12 but even darkness is not dark for you, and the night is as bright as the day. Darkness and light are the same to you. 13 You created every part of me; you put me together in my mother's womb. 14 I praise you because you are to be feared; all you do is strange and wonderful. I know it with all my heart. 15 When my bones were being formed, carefully put together in my mother's womb, when I was growing there in secret, you knew that I was there -- 16 you saw me before I was born. The days allotted to me had all been recorded in your book, before any of them ever began.
|B3 - Job 28||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 7 There is a path which no fowl knoweth, and which the vulture's eye hath not seen: 8 The lion's whelps have not trodden it, nor the fierce lion passed by it.
NRSV - 7 "That path no bird of prey knows, and the falcon's eye has not seen it. 8 The proud wild animals have not trodden it; the lion has not passed over it.
TEV - "In Praise of Wisdom" - 5 Food grows out of the earth, But underneath the same earth All is torn up and crushed. 6 The stones of the earth contain sapphires, And its dust contains gold. 7 No hawk sees the roads to the mines, and no vulture ever flies over them. 8 No lion or other fierce beast ever travels those lonely roads.
|B4 - Psa 34||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 7 The angel of the Lord encampeth round about them that fear him, and delivereth them.
NRSV - 7 The angel of the LORD encamps around those who fear him, and delivers them.
TEV - "In Praise of God's Goodness" - 4 I prayed to the LORD, and he answered me; he freed me from all my fears. 5 The oppressed look to him and are glad; they will never be disappointed. 6 The helpless call to him, and he answers; he saves them from all their troubles. 7 His angel guards those who honor the LORD and rescues them from danger. 8 Find out for yourself how good the LORD is. Happy are those who find safety with him. 9 Honor the LORD, all his people; those who obey him have all they need. 10 Even lions go hungry for lack of food, but those who obey the LORD lack nothing good.
|B5 - Psa 121||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 7 The Lord shall preserve thee from all evil: he shall preserve thy soul. 8 The Lord shall preserve thy going out and thy coming in from this time forth, and even for evermore.
NRSV - 7 The LORD will keep you from all evil; he will keep your life. 8 The LORD will keep your going out and your coming in from this time on and forevermore.
TEV - "The LORD Our Protector" - 7 The LORD will protect you from all danger; he will keep you safe. 8 He will protect you as you come and go now and forever.
Study aids for correlative Bible Lesson passages from Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures
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|B6 - Job 5||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 8 I would seek unto God, and unto God would I commit my cause:
12 He disappointeth
the devices of the crafty, so that their hands cannot perform their enterprise.
NRSV - 8 "As for me, I would seek God, and to God I would commit my cause.
12 He frustrates the
devices of the crafty, so that their hands achieve no success.
TEV - "The First Dialogue" - 8 If I were you, I would turn to God and present my case to him. 9 We cannot understand the great things he does, and to his miracles there is no end. 10 He sends rain on the land and he waters the fields. 11 Yes, it is God who raises the humble and gives joy to all who mourn. 12...13 He upsets the plans of cunning men, and traps wise men in their own schemes, so that nothing they do succeeds; 14 even at noon they grope in darkness.
|B7 - Psa 32||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 7 Thou art my hiding place; thou shalt preserve me from trouble; thou shalt compass me about with songs of deliverance.
NRSV - 7 You are a hiding place for me; you preserve me from trouble; you surround me with glad cries of deliverance.
TEV - "Confession and Forgiveness" - 6 So all your loyal people should pray to you in times of need; when a great flood of trouble comes rushing in, it will not reach them. 7 You are my hiding place; you will save me from trouble. I sing aloud of your salvation, because you protect me.
|B8 - 2Ch 22||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 2 Forty and two years old was Ahaziah when he began to reign, and he reigned one year in Jerusalem. His mother's name also was Athaliah the daughter of Omri. 3 He also walked in the ways of the house of Ahab: for his mother was his counseller to do wickedly.
10 But when Athaliah
the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed
all the seed royal of the house of Judah. 11 But Jehoshabeath, the daughter
of the king, took Joash the son of Ahaziah, and stole him from among the
king's sons that were slain, and put him and his nurse in a bedchamber.
So Jehoshabeath, the daughter of king Jehoram, the wife of Jehoiada the
priest, (for she was the sister of Ahaziah,) hid him from Athaliah, so that
she slew him not. 12 And he was with them hid in the house of God six years:
and Athaliah reigned over the land.
NRSV - 2 Ahaziah was forty-two years old when he began to reign; he reigned one year in Jerusalem. His mother's name was Athaliah, a granddaughter of Omri. 3 He also walked in the ways of the house of Ahab, for his mother was his counselor in doing wickedly.
10 Now when Athaliah,
Ahaziah's mother, saw that her son was dead, she set about to destroy all
the royal family of the house of Judah. 11 But Jehoshabeath, the king's
daughter, took Joash son of Ahaziah, and stole him away from among the king's
children who were about to be killed; she put him and his nurse in a bedroom.
Thus Jehoshabeath, daughter of King Jehoram and wife of the priest Jehoiada
-- because she was a sister of Ahaziah -- hid him from Athaliah, so that
she did not kill him; 12 he remained with them six years, hidden in the
house of God, while Athaliah reigned over the land.
TEV - "King Ahaziah of Judah" - 2...3 Ahaziah became king at the age of twenty-two, and he ruled in Jerusalem for one year. Ahaziah also followed the example of King Ahab's family, since his mother Athaliah -- the daughter of King Ahab and granddaughter of King Omri of Israel -- gave him advice that led him into evil. 4 He sinned against the LORD, because after his father's death other members of King Ahab's family became his advisers, and they led to his downfall. 5 Following their advice, he joined King Joram of Israel in a war against King Hazael of Syria. The armies clashed at Ramoth in Gilead, and Joram was wounded in battle.
of Judah" - 10 As soon as King Ahaziah's mother Athaliah learned
of her son's murder, she gave orders for all the members of the royal family
of Judah to be killed. 11 Ahaziah had a half sister, Jehosheba, who was
married to a priest named Jehoiada. She secretly rescued one of Ahaziah's
sons, Joash, took him away from the other princes who were about to be murdered
and hid him and a nurse in a bedroom at the Temple. By keeping him hidden,
she saved him from death at the hands of Athaliah. 12 For six years he remained
there in hiding, while Athaliah ruled as queen.
Harpers Bible Commentary (edited by Mays, James Luther, New York: Harper and Row, 1988) comments: 22:1-9 Ahaziah (ca. 843-842 b.c.)
Verses 1-6 are taken from 2 Kings 8:25-29 with little variation. Ahaziahs mother, Athaliah, is cited as the cause for her sons evil (2 Chron. 22:2-3), as she had been for her husband earlier (21:6). Ahaziahs action in joining with Joram of Israel in war against Syria is also related more directly to evil counsel received from the house of Ahab (22:5; cf. 2 Kings 8:27).
Verses 7-9 represent a summary rewriting of 2 Kings 9:14-28, told here with the entire emphasis upon Ahaziah and provided with interpretative comments. Above all, it is stated that Ahaziahs death in visiting Joram was ordained by God (2 Chron. 22:7). There are other minor differences between the two accounts, such as the circumstances surrounding Ahaziahs death, and Chronicles adds the explanation that Ahaziah was buried because he was the grandson of Jehoshaphat, who sought the Lord with all his heart (v. 9).
22:10-23:21 Athaliah (ca. 842-837 b.c.) For verses 10-12, cf. 2 Kings 11:1-3. Athaliah takes advantage of the death of her son Ahaziah to kill the remainder of the royal family of Judah. Ahaziahs sister, Jehoshabeath (Kings: Jehosheba), however, hides her nephew Joash with her six years in the house of the Lord while Athaliah serves as the only queen ever to reign over Judah (or Israel). Chronicles makes explicit that this Jehoshabeath was the wife of Jehoiada the priest (v. 11), who appears unannounced in 2 Kings 11:4.
|B9 - 2Ch 23||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 1 And in the seventh year Jehoiada strengthened himself, and took the captains of hundreds, Azariah the son of Jeroham, and Ishmael the son of Jehohanan, and Azariah the son of Obed, and Maaseiah the son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat the son of Zichri, into covenant with him.
3 And all the congregation made a covenant with the king in the house of God. And he said unto them, Behold, the king's son shall reign, as the Lord hath said of the sons of David.
11 Then they brought out the king's son, and put upon him the crown, and gave him the testimony, and made him king. And Jehoiada and his sons anointed him, and said, God save the king.
16 And Jehoiada made a covenant between him, and between all the people, and between the king, that they should be the Lord's people.
21 And all the people
of the land rejoiced:
NRSV - 1 But in the seventh year Jehoiada took courage, and entered into a compact with the commanders of the hundreds, Azariah son of Jeroham, Ishmael son of Jehohanan, Azariah son of Obed, Maaseiah son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat son of Zichri.
3 Then the whole assembly made a covenant with the king in the house of God. Jehoiada said to them, "Here is the king's son! Let him reign, as the LORD promised concerning the sons of David.
11 Then he brought out the king's son, put the crown on him, and gave him the covenant; they proclaimed him king, and Jehoiada and his sons anointed him; and they shouted, "Long live the king!"
16 Jehoiada made a covenant between himself and all the people and the king that they should be the LORD's people.
21 So all the people
of the land rejoiced,...
TEV - "The Revolt against Athaliah" - 1 After waiting six years Jehoiada the priest decided that it was time to take action. He made a pact with five army officers: Azariah son of Jeroham, Ishmael son of Jehohanan, Azariah son of Obed, Maaseiah son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat son of Zichri. 2 They traveled to all the cities of Judah and brought back with them to Jerusalem the Levites and all the heads of the clans. 3 They all gathered in the Temple, and there they made a covenant with Joash, the king's son. Jehoiada said to them, "Here is the son of the late king. He is now to be king, as the LORD promised that King David's descendants would be. 4 This is what we will do. When the priests and Levites come on duty on the Sabbath, one third of them will guard the Temple gates, 5 another third will guard the royal palace, and the rest will be stationed at the Foundation Gate. All the people will assemble in the Temple courtyard. 6 No one is to enter the Temple buildings except the priests and the Levites who are on duty. They may enter, because they are consecrated, but the rest of the people must obey the LORD's instructions and stay outside. 7 The Levites are to stand guard around the king, with their swords drawn, and are to stay with the king wherever he goes. Anyone who tries to enter the Temple is to be killed." 8 The Levites and the people of Judah carried out Jehoiada's instructions. The men were not dismissed when they went off duty on the Sabbath, so the commanders had available both those coming on duty and those going off. 9 Jehoiada gave the officers the spears and shields that had belonged to King David and had been kept in the Temple. 10 He stationed the men with drawn swords all around the front of the Temple, to protect the king. 11 Then Jehoiada led Joash out, placed the crown on his head, and gave him a copy of the laws governing kingship. And so he was made king. Jehoiada the priest and his sons anointed Joash, and everyone shouted, "Long live the king!"
Reforms" - 16 The priest Jehoiada had King Joash and the people
join him in making a covenant that they would be the LORD's people.
17 Then they all went to the temple of Baal and tore it down. They smashed
the altars and idols there and killed Mattan, the priest of Baal, in front
of the altars. 18 Jehoiada put the priests and Levites in charge of the
work of the Temple. They were to carry out the duties assigned to them by
King David and to burn the sacrifices offered to the LORD in accordance
with the Law of Moses. They were also in charge of the music and the celebrations.
19 Jehoiada also put guards on duty at the Temple gates to keep out anyone
who was ritually unclean. 20 The army officers, the leading citizens, the
officials, and all the rest of the people joined Jehoiada in a procession
that brought the king from the Temple to the palace. They entered by the
main gate, and the king took his place on the throne. 21 All the people
were filled with happiness, and the city was quiet, now that Athaliah
had been killed.
22:10-23:21 Athaliah (ca. 842-837 b.c.)
2 Chron. 23:1-15 recounts Jehoiadas revolution (cf. 2 Kings 11:4-16, with which our text is often in verbatim agreement). The Chronicler, however, includes the following in his account of placing Joash on the throne.
First, while Kings speaks of the captains of the Carites and of the guards (v. 4), i.e., various Temple officials, Chronicles pictures a much broader conspiracy involving five captains of hundreds (23:1) who gather the Levites from Judah and the heads of fathers houses from Israel to place Joash on the throne. Indeed, apart from Jehoiada, there is no explicit participation of priests and Levites in the Kings account.
For Chronicles, the priests and Levites alone enter the Temple (v. 6) and take up guard around Joash (v. 7). And while the participation of the people of the land is duly noted, the mention of Judahs obedience and the participation of the singers with their musical instruments is added (vv. 8, 13; cf. 2 Kings 11:9, 14).
Second, when Jehoiada presents Joash before the initial assembly, Kings states only that he showed them the kings son. Chronicles states dramatically: Behold, the kings son. Let him reign, as the Lord spoke concerning the sons of David (2 Chron. 23:3; cf. 2 Kings 11:4).
2 Chron. 23:16-21 contains Jehoiadas covenant. In 2 Kings 11:17-21 there is reference to two covenants, one religious and one civil. Chronicles speaks only of the religious covenant in which all agree that they should be the Lords people. The scope of the reforms that follow, including destruction of the house of Baal, is the same in both texts, but the watchmen whom Jehoida installs for the Temple in Kings (11:18) are placed under proper levitical supervision, and opportunity is taken to add additional reference to their position with reference to Moses and David (vv. 18b-19). The notes of joy and peace and quietness voiced in 2 Chron. 23:21, however, are already found in the Deuteronomistic source (2 Kings 11:20; see 1 Chronicles, Introduction), another example of a note first sounded there but intensified in Chronicles.
Study aids for correlative Bible Lesson passages from Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures
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|B10 - Jer 15||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 20 I am with thee to save thee and to deliver thee, saith the Lord.
NRSV - 20 ...I am with you to save you and deliver you, says the LORD.
TEV - "Jeremiah Complains to the LORD" - 19 To this the LORD replied, "If you return, I will take you back, and you will be my servant again. If instead of talking nonsense you proclaim a worthwhile message, you will be my prophet again. The people will come back to you, and you will not need to go to them. 20 I will make you like a solid bronze wall as far as they are concerned. They will fight against you, but they will not defeat you. I will be with you to protect you and keep you safe. 21 I will rescue you from the power of wicked and violent men. I, the LORD, have spoken."
|B11 - Jer 32||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 2 the king of Babylon's army besieged Jerusalem: and Jeremiah the prophet was shut up in the court of the prison, which was in the king of Judah's house.
NRSV - 2 ...the army of the king of Babylon was besieging Jerusalem, and the prophet Jeremiah was confined in the court of the guard that was in the palace of the king of Judah,
TEV - "Jeremiah Buys a Field" - 1 The LORD spoke to me in the tenth year that Zedekiah was king of Judah, which was also the eighteenth year of King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylonia. 2 At that time the army of the king of Babylonia was attacking Jerusalem, and I was locked up in the courtyard of the royal palace. 3 King Zedekiah had imprisoned me there and had accused me of announcing that the LORD had said, "I am going to let the king of Babylonia capture this city, 4 and King Zedekiah will not escape. He will be handed over to the king of Babylonia; he will see him face-to-face and will speak to him in person. 5 Zedekiah will be taken to Babylonia, and he will remain there until I deal with him. Even if he fights the Babylonians, he will not be successful. I, the LORD, have spoken."
|B12 - Jer 38||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
- 7 Now when Ebedmelech the Ethiopian, one of the eunuchs which was in the
king's house, heard that they had put Jeremiah in
8 Ebedmelech went forth
out of the king's house, and spake to the king, saying, 9 My lord the king,
these men have done evil in all that they have done to Jeremiah the prophet,
whom they have cast into
the dungeon [the cistern]; and he
is like to die for hunger in the place where he is: for there is no more
bread in the city.
13 So they drew up
Jeremiah with cords and took him up out of
the dungeon [the cistern]:
and Jeremiah remained in the court of the prison.
NRSV - 7 Ebed-melech the Ethiopian, a eunuch in the king's house, heard that they had put Jeremiah into the cistern...
8 So Ebed-melech left the king's house and spoke to the king, 9 "My lord king, these men have acted wickedly in all they did to the prophet Jeremiah by throwing him into the cistern to die there of hunger, for there is no bread left in the city."
13 Then they drew Jeremiah
up by the ropes and pulled him out of the cistern. And Jeremiah remained
in the court of the guard.
TEV - "Jeremiah in a Dry Well" - 7 However, Ebedmelech the Sudanese, a eunuch who worked in the royal palace, heard that they had put me in the well. At that time the king was holding court at the Benjamin Gate. 8 So Ebedmelech went there and said to the king, 9 "Your Majesty, what these men have done is wrong. They have put Jeremiah in the well, where he is sure to die of starvation, since there is no more food in the city." 10 Then the king ordered Ebedmelech to take with him three men and to pull me out of the well before I died. 11 So Ebedmelech went with the men to the palace storeroom and got some worn-out clothing which he let down to me by ropes. 12 He told me to put the rags under my arms, so that the ropes wouldn't hurt me. I did this, 13 and they pulled me up out of the well. After that I was kept in the courtyard.
Ebedmelech was a saris, usually translated from the Hebrew as eunuch, but it more accurately means palace official, some of whom were eunuchs. Ebedmelech was a non-Jewish slave from what is modern-day northern Sudan -- then called variously Cush, Nubia, or Ethiopia. He was obviously a trusted palace official, but he may or may not have been physically a eunuch.
Jeremiah had been thrown by Jews from Judah into a cistern and left to die, because they accused Jeremiah's practical realism of being demoralizing doom-saying. Jer 38:7-13 describes how Ebedmelech went to Zedekiah, King of Judah, to inform him that Jeremiah needed to be rescued from impending death, whereupon Zedekiah order Ebedmelech to do whatever necessary to rescue Jeremiah.
James Philip Hyatt (The Interpreter's Bible, Volume 5, edited by George Arthur Buttrick, Nashville: Abingdon, 1956) comments on Jer 38:6 (page 1075):
In ancient Jerusalem, as today, there were many cisterns for catching water during the rainy season of the winter, to be stored for use in the vitually rainless months from May to October. At this time there was no water in the cistern, but only mire [mud]. The time was shortly before the Babylonians made a breach in the wall of Jerusalem, August 587 B.C. (52:5-70).
In Jer 39:15-18 Jeremiah articulated God's promise to Ebedmelech.
|B13 - Jer 39||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 1 In the ninth year of Zedekiah king of Judah, in the tenth month, came Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon and all his army against Jerusalem, and they besieged it.
11 Now Nebuchadrezzar
king of Babylon gave charge concerning Jeremiah to Nebuzaradan the captain
of the guard, saying, 12 Take him, and look well to him, and do him no harm;
but do unto him even as he shall say unto thee. 13 So Nebuzaradan the captain
of the guard sent, and Nebushasban, Rabsaris, and Nergalsharezer, Rabmag,
and all the king of Babylon's princes; 14 Even they sent, and took Jeremiah
out of the court of the prison, and committed him unto Gedaliah the son
of Ahikam the son of Shaphan, that he should carry him home: so he dwelt
among the people.
NRSV - 1 In the ninth year of King Zedekiah of Judah, in the tenth month, King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon and all his army came against Jerusalem and besieged it;
11 King Nebuchadrezzar
of Babylon gave command concerning Jeremiah through Nebuzaradan, the captain
of the guard, saying, 12 "Take him, look after him well and do him
no harm, but deal with him as he may ask you." 13 So Nebuzaradan the
captain of the guard, Nebushazban the Rab-saris, Nergal-sharezer the Rab-mag,
and all the chief officers of the king of Babylon sent 14 and took Jeremiah
from the court of the guard. They entrusted him to Gedaliah son of Ahikam
son of Shaphan to be brought home. So he stayed with his own people.
TEV - "The Fall of Jerusalem" - 1 In the tenth month of the ninth year that Zedekiah was king of Judah, King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylonia came with his whole army and attacked Jerusalem. 2 On the ninth day of the fourth month of Zedekiah's eleventh year as king, the city walls were broken through. (3 When Jerusalem was captured, all the high officials of the king of Babylonia came and took their places at the Middle Gate, including Nergal Sarezer, Samgar Nebo, Sarsechim, and another Nergal Sarezer.)
"Jeremiah's Release" - 11 But King Nebuchadnezzar commanded Nebuzaradan, the commanding officer, to give the following order: 12 "Go and find Jeremiah and take good care of him. Do not harm him, but do for him whatever he wants." 13 So Nebuzaradan, together with the high officials Nebushazban and Nergal Sarezer and all the other officers of the king of Babylonia, 14 had me brought from the palace courtyard. They put me under the care of Gedaliah, the son of Ahikam and grandson of Shaphan, who was to see that I got home safely. And so I stayed there among the people.
Jer. 39:1-10 is a summary of Babylons actions against Jerusalem and its inhabitants after the fall of the city and is essentially the same as that found in 52:4-16 and 2 Kings 25:1-12.
Jer. 39:11-14 contains the surprising claim that Jeremiah counted among his defenders in high places Nebuchadnezzar himself. At first glance this seems implausible. Yet he had tried to leave the city during a temporary lull in the siege (37:11-13), and he had a history of preaching submission to Nebuchadnezzar (chaps. 27-29; 38:17-23) and even of suggesting defection (21:8-10; 38:2-3). Since there were Jewish deserters among the Babylonians (38:19), it is not unreasonable to assume that Nebuchadnezzar had been made aware of all this. Furthermore, we can infer that Nebuchadnezzar had knowledge of local events from the fact that Gedaliah, whom he appointed governor of Judah (40:5; 2 Kings 25:22) and to whom Jeremiah was entrusted, was of the house of Shaphan, one of the mainstays of the pro-Babylonian party.
Study aids for correlative Bible Lesson passages from Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures
|Top of Page|
|B14 - Psa 146||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 9 The Lord preserveth the strangers; he relieveth the fatherless and widow
NRSV - 9 The LORD watches over the strangers; he upholds the orphan and the widow,...
TEV - "In Praise of God the Savior" - 9 He protects the strangers who live in our land; he helps widows and orphans, but takes the wicked to their ruin. 10 The LORD is king forever. Your God, O Zion, will reign for all time. Praise the LORD!
|B15 - 2Ki 4||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 1 Now there cried a certain woman of the wives of the sons of the prophets unto Elisha, saying, Thy servant my husband is dead; and thou knowest that thy servant did fear the Lord: and the creditor is come to take unto him my two sons to be bondmen. 2 And Elisha said unto her, What shall I do for thee? tell me, what hast thou in the house? And she said, Thine handmaid hath not any thing in the house, save a pot of oil. 3 Then he said, Go, borrow thee vessels abroad of all thy neighbours, even empty vessels; borrow not a few. 4 And when thou art come in, thou shalt shut the door upon thee and upon thy sons, and shalt pour out into all those vessels, and thou shalt set aside that which is full. 5 So she went from him, and shut the door upon her and upon her sons, who brought the vessels to her; and she poured out. 6 And it came to pass, when the vessels were full, that she said unto her son, Bring me yet a vessel. And he said unto her, There is not a vessel more. And the oil stayed. 7 Then she came and told the man of God. And he said, Go, sell the oil, and pay thy debt, and live thou and thy children of the rest.
NRSV - 1 Now the wife of a member of the company of prophets cried to Elisha, "Your servant my husband is dead; and you know that your servant feared the LORD, but a creditor has come to take my two children as slaves." 2 Elisha said to her, "What shall I do for you? Tell me, what do you have in the house?" She answered, "Your servant has nothing in the house, except a jar of oil." 3 He said, "Go outside, borrow vessels from all your neighbors, empty vessels and not just a few. 4 Then go in, and shut the door behind you and your children, and start pouring into all these vessels; when each is full, set it aside." 5 So she left him and shut the door behind her and her children; they kept bringing vessels to her, and she kept pouring. 6 When the vessels were full, she said to her son, "Bring me another vessel." But he said to her, "There are no more." Then the oil stopped flowing. 7 She came and told the man of God, and he said, "Go sell the oil and pay your debts, and you and your children can live on the rest."
TEV - "Elisha Helps a Poor Widow" - 1 The widow of a member of a group of prophets went to Elisha and said, "Sir, my husband has died! As you know, he was a God-fearing man, but now a man he owed money to has come to take away my two sons as slaves in payment for my husband's debt." 2 "What shall I do for you?" he asked. "Tell me, what do you have at home?" "Nothing at all, except a small jar of olive oil," she answered. 3 "Go to your neighbors and borrow as many empty jars as you can," Elisha told her. 4 "Then you and your sons go into the house, close the door, and start pouring oil into the jars. Set each one aside as soon as it is full." 5 So the woman went into her house with her sons, closed the door, took the small jar of olive oil, and poured oil into the jars as her sons brought them to her. 6 When they had filled all the jars, she asked if there were any more. "That was the last one," one of her sons answered. And the olive oil stopped flowing. 7 She went back to Elisha, the prophet, who said to her, "Sell the olive oil and pay all your debts, and there will be enough money left over for you and your sons to live on."
(i) The poor widow (4:1-7). 1. wife: The story indirectly shows that members of the prophetic guilds married despite the fact that they sometimes lived in community (cf. 4:38-41). slaves: The law did not permit one Israelite to enslave another permanently (Lv 25:46). Israelites could, however, be sold into slavery for a limited time to satisfy debts (Ex 21:7; Is 50:1), and in many cases Israelites were probably reduced to permanent slavery despite the law and the strong sentiment against it (cf. Neh 5:1-13; Jer 34:14; Ex 21:16; Dt 24:7; see De Vaux, AI 82-83).
Study aids for correlative Bible Lesson passages from Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures
|Top of Page|
|B16 - Psa 16||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 1 Preserve me, O God: for in thee do I put my trust.
NRSV - 1 Protect me, O God, for in you I take refuge.
TEV - "A Prayer of Confidence" - 1 Protect me, O God; I trust in you for safety. 2 I say to the LORD, "You are my Lord; all the good things I have come from you."
|B17 - Isa 51||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 3 the Lord shall comfort Zion:
7 Hearken unto me, ye that know righteousness, the people in whose heart is my law;
12 I, even I, am he
that comforteth you:
NRSV - 3 ...the LORD will comfort Zion; he will comfort all her waste places, and will make her wilderness like Eden, her desert like the garden of the LORD; joy and gladness will be found in her, thanksgiving and the voice of song.
7 Listen to me, you who know righteousness, you people who have my teaching in your hearts;...
12 I, I am he who comforts you;...
TEV - "Words of Comfort to Jerusalem" - 3 "I will show compassion to Jerusalem, to all who live in her ruins. Though her land is a desert, I will make it a garden, like the garden I planted in Eden. Joy and gladness will be there, and songs of praise and thanks to me.
7 "Listen to me, you that know what is right, who have my teaching fixed in your hearts. Do not be afraid when people taunt and insult you; 8 they will vanish like moth-eaten clothing! But the deliverance I bring will last forever; my victory will endure for all time."
12 The LORD says, "I am the one who strengthens you. Why should you fear mortal man, who is no more enduring than grass? 13 Have you forgotten the LORD who made you, who stretched out the heavens and laid the earth's foundations? Why should you live in constant fear of the fury of those who oppress you, of those who are ready to destroy you? Their fury can no longer touch you. 14 Those who are prisoners will soon be set free; they will live a long life and have all the food they need.
|B18 - Mar 1||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
Jesus came into Galilee, preaching the gospel
of the kingdom
of God, 15 And saying, The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is
32 And at even, when
the sun did set, they brought unto him all that were diseased, and them
that were possessed with
devils [demons]. 33 And all the city
was gathered together at the door. 34 And he healed many that were sick
of divers diseases, and cast out many devils;
NRSV - 14 ...Jesus came to Galilee, proclaiming the good news of God, 15 and saying, "The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God has come near;...
32 That evening, at
sundown, they brought to him all who were sick or possessed with demons.
33 And the whole city was gathered around the door. 34 And he cured many
who were sick with various diseases, and cast out many demons; and he would
not permit the demons to speak, because they knew him.
TEV - "Jesus Calls Four Fishermen" - 14 After John had been put in prison, Jesus went to Galilee and preached the Good News from God. 15 "The right time has come," he said, "and the Kingdom of God is near! Turn away from your sins and believe the Good News!" 16 As Jesus walked along the shore of Lake Galilee, he saw two fishermen, Simon and his brother Andrew, catching fish with a net. 17 Jesus said to them, "Come with me, and I will teach you to catch men." 18 At once they left their nets and went with him.
"Jesus Heals Many People" - 29 Jesus and his disciples, including James and John, left the synagogue and went straight to the home of Simon and Andrew. 30 Simon's mother-in-law was sick in bed with a fever, and as soon as Jesus arrived, he was told about her. 31 He went to her, took her by the hand, and helped her up. The fever left her, and she began to wait on them. 32 After the sun had set and evening had come, people brought to Jesus all the sick and those who had demons. 33 All the people of the town gathered in front of the house. 34 Jesus healed many who were sick with all kinds of diseases and drove out many demons. He would not let the demons say anything, because they knew who he was.
|B19 - Mar 6||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 56 And whithersoever he entered, into villages, or cities, or country, they laid the sick in the streets, and besought him that they might touch if it were but the border of his garment: and as many as touched him were made whole.
NRSV - 56 And wherever he went, into villages or cities or farms, they laid the sick in the marketplaces, and begged him that they might touch even the fringe of his cloak; and all who touched it were healed.
TEV - "Jesus Heals the Sick in Gennesaret" - 53 They crossed the lake and came to land at Gennesaret, where they tied up the boat. 54 As they left the boat, people recognized Jesus at once. 55 So they ran throughout the whole region; and wherever they heard he was, they brought to him the sick lying on their mats. 56 And everywhere Jesus went, to villages, towns, or farms, people would take their sick to the marketplaces and beg him to let the sick at least touch the edge of his cloak. And all who touched it were made well.
Study aids for correlative Bible Lesson passages from Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures
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|B20 - Psa 37||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 28 For the Lord loveth judgment, and forsaketh not his saints; they are preserved for ever:
NRSV - 28 For the LORD loves justice; he will not forsake his faithful ones. The righteous shall be kept safe forever,...
TEV - "The Destiny of the Wicked and of the Good" - 27 Turn away from evil and do good, and your descendants will always live in the land; 28 for the LORD loves what is right and does not abandon his faithful people. He protects them forever, but the descendants of the wicked will be driven out. 29 The righteous will possess the land and live in it forever. 30 A good man's words are wise, and he is always fair. 31 He keeps the law of his God in his heart and never departs from it.
|B21 - 2Co 1||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, and Timothy our brother, unto the church of God which is at Corinth, with all the saints which are in all Achaia:
NRSV - 1 Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, and Timothy our brother, To the church of God that is in Corinth, including all the saints throughout Achaia:
TEV - "Greeting" - 1 From Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by God's will, and from our brother Timothy -- To the church of God in Corinth, and to all God's people throughout Achaia: 2 May God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ give you grace and peace.
|B22 - 2Co 11||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 25 Thrice was I beaten with rods, once was I stoned, thrice I suffered shipwreck, a night and a day I have been in the deep;
27 In weariness and
painfulness, in watchings often, in hunger and thirst, in fastings often,
in cold and nakedness. 28 Beside those things that are without, that which
cometh upon me daily, the care of all the churches.
NRSV - 25 Three times I was beaten with rods. Once I received a stoning. Three times I was shipwrecked; for a night and a day I was adrift at sea;
27 in toil and hardship,
through many a sleepless night, hungry and thirsty, often without food,
cold and naked. 28 And, besides other things, I am under daily pressure
because of my anxiety for all the churches.
TEV - "Paul's Sufferings as an Apostle" - 22 Are they Hebrews? So am I. Are they Israelites? So am I. Are they Abraham's descendants? So am I. 23 Are they Christ's servants? I sound like a madman -- but I am a better servant than they are! I have worked much harder, I have been in prison more times, I have been whipped much more, and I have been near death more often. 24 Five times I was given the thirty-nine lashes by the Jews; 25 three times I was whipped by the Romans; and once I was stoned. I have been in three shipwrecks, and once I spent twenty-four hours in the water. 26 In my many travels I have been in danger from floods and from robbers, in danger from fellow Jews and from Gentiles; there have been dangers in the cities, dangers in the wilds, dangers on the high seas, and dangers from false friends. 27 There has been work and toil; often I have gone without sleep; I have been hungry and thirsty; I have often been without enough food, shelter, or clothing. 28 And not to mention other things, every day I am under the pressure of my concern for all the churches. 29 When someone is weak, then I feel weak too; when someone is led into sin, I am filled with distress.
|B23 - 2Ti 4||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 17 the Lord stood with me, and strengthened me; that by me the preaching might be fully known, and that all the Gentiles might hear: and I was delivered out of the mouth of the lion. 18 And the Lord shall deliver me from every evil work, and will preserve me unto his heavenly kingdom:
NRSV - 17 ...the Lord stood by me and gave me strength, so that through me the message might be fully proclaimed and all the Gentiles might hear it. So I was rescued from the lion's mouth. 18 The Lord will rescue me from every evil attack and save me for his heavenly kingdom...
TEV - "Personal Words" - 16 No one stood by me the first time I defended myself; all deserted me. May God not count it against them! 17 But the Lord stayed with me and gave me strength, so that I was able to proclaim the full message for all the Gentiles to hear; and I was rescued from being sentenced to death. 18 And the Lord will rescue me from all evil and take me safely into his heavenly Kingdom. To him be the glory forever and ever! Amen.
|B24 - Rom 8||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 31 ...If God be for us, who can be against us?
35 Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? shall tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword?
37 Nay, in all these
things we are more than conquerors through him that loved us. 38 For I am
persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities,
nor powers, nor things present, nor things to come, 39 Nor height, nor depth,
nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God,
which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.
NRSV - 31 ...If God is for us, who is against us?
35 Who will separate us from the love of Christ? Will hardship, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword?
37 No, in all these
things we are more than conquerors through him who loved us. 38 For I am
convinced that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor rulers, nor things
present, nor things to come, nor powers, 39 nor height, nor depth, nor anything
else in all creation, will be able to separate us from the love of God in
Christ Jesus our Lord.
TEV - "God's Love in Christ Jesus" - 31 In view of all this, what can we say? If God is for us, who can be against us? 32 Certainly not God, who did not even keep back his own Son, but offered him for us all! He gave us his Son -- will he not also freely give us all things? 33 Who will accuse God's chosen people? God himself declares them not guilty! 34 Who, then, will condemn them? Not Christ Jesus, who died, or rather, who was raised to life and is at the right side of God, pleading with him for us! 35 Who, then, can separate us from the love of Christ? Can trouble do it, or hardship or persecution or hunger or poverty or danger or death? 36 As the scripture says, "For your sake we are in danger of death at all times; we are treated like sheep that are going to be slaughtered." 37 No, in all these things we have complete victory through him who loved us! 38 For I am certain that nothing can separate us from his love: neither death nor life, neither angels nor other heavenly rulers or powers, neither the present nor the future, 39 neither the world above nor the world below -- there is nothing in all creation that will ever be able to separate us from the love of God which is ours through Christ Jesus our Lord.
|Resources||Description of each Bible Lesson Study Aid resource|
|Bible Lesson||The Bible Lesson's 3 components and BibleTexts.com's online Bible Lesson research tools are listed and described at http://www.bibletexts.com/bl-components.htm.|
|King James Version (KJV) -- Almost all of today's printed and electronic editions of the KJV are based upon Dr. Benjamin Blayney's 1769 revision of the KJV, which like many of its KJV-revision predecessors, does not include the Apocrypha and the marginal notes that were in the original 1611 edition of the KJV. Spelling and punctuation also are quite different from the 1611 edition. Even in today's editions of the KJV, there remain some punctuation and spelling differences among major publishers. [KJV book review.] See also the the history of the Bible Lesson & its use of other Bible versions.|
|NRSV||New Revised Standard Version (NRSV) -- Copyright, 1989, by the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of Churches of Christ in the USA. Used by permission. All rights reserved. [NRSV book review.]|
|TEV||Today's English Version (TEV) -- Copyright 1976, 1992, American Bible Society. Used by permission. All rights reserved. [TEV book review.]|
|Bible Lesson Study Aid's footnotes are comprised of excerpts from the BibleTexts.com Bible Commentary. They include textual commentary, exegesis, cross references, and links to other resources relevant to the Bible Lesson citations.|
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