Bible Lesson Study Aid - Study Edition
for the week of Monday, May 19, through Sunday, May 25, 2003 (version 22.214.171.124)
This Bible Lesson Study Aid is not the Bible Lesson but contains tools for exploring it.
To ensure having today's updated version of this webpage, press F5 and /or click on Refresh/Reload.
|Bible Lesson Study Aid - Text-only Edition||Bible Lesson Study Aid - info about||Biblical criticism & MBE's approach to biblical study|
|Bible Lesson - early articles in CSJ & CSS about||Bible Lesson - history of||Bible Lesson - resources||Sunday School Class webpage|
|Sections of the Bible Lesson - and TEV paragraph headings for each citation|
|GT/RR||Section 1||Section 2||Section 3||Section 4||Section 5||Section 6|
|GT - God the King||B1 - A King Thanks God for Victory||B6 - Queen Vashti Defies King Xerxes||B11 - Queen Vashti Defies King Xerxes||B14 - Sin and Punishment. Jeremiah's Sorrow for His People||B19 - The LORD's Servant. Israel's Failure to Learn||B21 - The LORD's Anger against Nineveh|
|RR1 - A Prayer for Protection||B2 - Longing for God's House||B7 - Duties toward One Another||B12 - Living in the Light. Wives and Husbands||B15 - The LORD of the World and the Idols of Babylon||B20 - Jesus Heals a Boy with an Evil Spirit||B22 - Determination to Obey the Law of the LORD. Trusting the Law of the LORD|
|RR2 - A Man Saved from Death Praises God||B3 - Of God and Man||B8 - Solomon's Proverbs||B13 - The Great King||B16 - The Prayer of a Man in Exile|
|B4 - In Athens||B9 - The Capable Wife||B17 - The Law of the LORD||B23 - A Song of Praise and Thanksgiving|
|B5 - The Value of the Law of the LORD. The Justice of the Law of the LORD. A Prayer for Deliverance. Obedience to the Law of the LORD||B10 - The Great Commandment||B18 - Living by Faith||B24 - The LORD Our Shepherd|
"Questions to explore" and "People mentioned" in this week's Bible Lesson
|Questions||PEOPLE - Bible dictionary definitions||PEOPLE - S&H references|
When using the online "Strong's" lexicon links below, delete any preceding zeros when inputting the Strong's numbers.
|GT - Psa 93||Bible Lesson||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 5 Thy testimonies are very sure: holiness becometh thine house, O Lord, for ever.
NRSV - 5 Your decrees are very sure; holiness befits your house, O LORD, forevermore.
TEV - "God the King" - 1 The LORD is king. He is clothed with majesty and strength. The earth is set firmly in place and cannot be moved. 2 Your throne, O LORD, has been firm from the beginning, and you existed before time began. 3 The ocean depths raise their voice, O LORD; they raise their voice and roar. 4 The LORD rules supreme in heaven, greater than the roar of the ocean, more powerful than the waves of the sea. 5 Your laws are eternal, LORD, and your Temple is holy indeed, forever and ever.
|RR1 - Psa 61||Bible Lesson||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
8 So will I sing praise
unto thy name for ever, that I may daily perform my vows.
NRSV - 4 Let me abide in your tent forever, find refuge under the shelter of your wings. 5 For you, O God, have heard my vows; you have given me the heritage of those who fear your name.
8 So I will always sing
praises to your name, as I pay my vows day after day.
TEV - "A Prayer for Protection" - 4 Let me live in your sanctuary all my life; let me find safety under your wings. 5 You have heard my promises, O God, and you have given me what belongs to those who honor you. 6 Add many years to the king's life; let him live on and on! 7 May he rule forever in your presence, O God; protect him with your constant love and faithfulness. 8 So I will always sing praises to you, as I offer you daily what I have promised.
|RR2 - Psa 116||Bible Lesson||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 1 I love the Lord, because he hath heard my voice and my supplications. 2 Because he hath inclined his ear unto me, therefore will I call upon him as long as I live.
7 Return unto thy rest, O my soul; for the Lord hath dealt bountifully with thee.
16 O Lord, truly I am thy servant; I am thy servant, and the son of thine handmaid: thou hast loosed my bonds.
18 I will pay my vows unto
the Lord now in the presence of all his people, 19 In the courts of the Lord's
house, in the midst of thee, O Jerusalem. Praise ye the Lord.
NRSV - 1 I love the LORD, because he has heard my voice and my supplications. 2 Because he inclined his ear to me, therefore I will call on him as long as I live.
7 Return, O my soul, to your rest, for the LORD has dealt bountifully with you.
16 O LORD, I am your servant; I am your servant, the child of your serving girl. You have loosed my bonds.
18 I will pay my vows to
the LORD in the presence of all his people, 19 in the courts of the house of
the LORD, in your midst, O Jerusalem. Praise the LORD!
TEV - "A Man Saved from Death Praises God" - 1 I love the LORD, because he hears me; he listens to my prayers. 2 He listens to me every time I call to him. 3 The danger of death was all around me; the horrors of the grave closed in on me; I was filled with fear and anxiety. 4 Then I called to the LORD, "I beg you, LORD, save me!" 5 The LORD is merciful and good; our God is compassionate. 6 The LORD protects the helpless; when I was in danger, he saved me. 7 Be confident, my heart, because the LORD has been good to me.
15 How painful it is to the LORD when one of his people dies! 16 I am your servant, LORD; I serve you just as my mother did. You have saved me from death. 17 I will give you a sacrifice of thanksgiving and offer my prayer to you. 18...19 In the assembly of all your people, in the sanctuary of your Temple in Jerusalem, I will give you what I have promised. Praise the LORD!
|Top of Page|
|B1 - Psa 144||Bible Lesson||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 3 Lord, what is man, that thou takest knowledge of him! or the son of man, that thou makest account of him!
NRSV - 3 O LORD, what are human beings that you regard them, or mortals that you think of them?
TEV - "A King Thanks God for Victory" - 3 LORD, what is man, that you notice him; mere man, that you pay attention to him? 4 He is like a puff of wind; his days are like a passing shadow. 5 O LORD, tear the sky open and come down; touch the mountains, and they will pour out smoke. 6 Send flashes of lightning and scatter your enemies; shoot your arrows and send them running. 7 Reach down from above, pull me out of the deep water, and rescue me; save me from the power of foreigners, 8 who never tell the truth and lie even under oath.
|B2 - Psa 84||Bible Lesson||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 2 My soul longeth, yea, even fainteth for the courts of the Lord: my heart and my flesh crieth out for the living God.
NRSV - 2 My soul longs, indeed it faints for the courts of the LORD; my heart and my flesh sing for joy to the living God.
TEV - "Longing for God's House" - 1 How I love your Temple, LORD Almighty! 2 How I want to be there! I long to be in the LORD's Temple. With my whole being I sing for joy to the living God. 3 Even the sparrows have built a nest, and the swallows have their own home; they keep their young near your altars, LORD Almighty, my king and my God. 4 How happy are those who live in your Temple, always singing praise to you.
|B3 - Psa 90||Bible Lesson||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 1 Lord, thou hast been our dwelling place in all generations.
16 Let thy work appear
unto thy servants, and thy glory unto their children. 17 And let the beauty
of the Lord our God be upon us:...
NRSV - 1 Lord, you have been our dwelling place in all generations.
16 Let your work be
manifest to your servants, and your glorious power to their children. 17
Let the favor of the Lord our God be upon us, and prosper for us the work
of our hands...
TEV - "Of God and Man" - 1 O Lord, you have always been our home. 2 Before you created the hills or brought the world into being, you were eternally God, and will be God forever.
13 How much longer will your anger last? Have pity, O LORD, on your servants! 14 Fill us each morning with your constant love, so that we may sing and be glad all our life. 15 Give us now as much happiness as the sadness you gave us during all our years of misery. 16 Let us, your servants, see your mighty deeds; let our descendants see your glorious might. 17 LORD our God, may your blessings be with us. Give us success in all we do!
|B4 - Act 17||Bible Lesson||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 24 God that made the world and all things therein, seeing that he is Lord of heaven and earth, dwelleth not in temples made with hands; 25 Neither is worshipped with men's hands, as though he needed any thing, seeing he giveth to all life, and breath, and all things;
28 For in him we live, and move, and have our being;...
29 Forasmuch then as
we are the offspring of God, we ought not to think that the Godhead is like
unto gold, or silver, or stone, graven by art and man's device. 30 And the
times of this ignorance God winked at; but now commandeth all men every
where to repent:
NRSV - 24 The God who made the world and everything in it, he who is Lord of heaven and earth, does not live in shrines made by human hands, 25 nor is he served by human hands, as though he needed anything, since he himself gives to all mortals life and breath and all things.
28 For "In him we live and move and have our being';...
29 Since we are God's
offspring, we ought not to think that the deity is like gold, or silver,
or stone, an image formed by the art and imagination of mortals. 30 While
God has overlooked the times of human ignorance, now he commands all people
everywhere to repent,
TEV - "In Athens" - 22 Paul stood up in front of the city council and said, "I see that in every way you Athenians are very religious. 23 For as I walked through your city and looked at the places where you worship, I found an altar on which is written, "To an Unknown God.' That which you worship, then, even though you do not know it, is what I now proclaim to you. 24 God, who made the world and everything in it, is Lord of heaven and earth and does not live in man-made temples. 25 Nor does he need anything that we can supply by working for him, since it is he himself who gives life and breath and everything else to everyone. 26 From one man he created all races of mankind and made them live throughout the whole earth. He himself fixed beforehand the exact times and the limits of the places where they would live. 27 He did this so that they would look for him, and perhaps find him as they felt around for him. Yet God is actually not far from any one of us; 28 as someone has said, "In him we live and move and exist.' It is as some of your poets have said, "We too are his children.' 29 Since we are God's children, we should not suppose that his nature is anything like an image of gold or silver or stone, shaped by the art and skill of man. 30 God has overlooked the times when people did not know him, but now he commands all of them everywhere to turn away from their evil ways.
|B5 - Psa 119||Bible Lesson||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 65 Thou hast dealt well with thy servant, O Lord, according unto thy word.
73 Thy hands have made me and fashioned me: give me understanding, that I may learn thy commandments.
86 All thy commandments are faithful:...
128 Therefore I esteem
all thy precepts concerning all things to be right; and I hate every false
NRSV - 65 You have dealt well with your servant, O LORD, according to your word.
73 Your hands have made and fashioned me; give me understanding that I may learn your commandments.
86 All your commandments are enduring;...
128 Truly I direct my
steps by all your precepts; I hate every false way.
TEV - "The Value of the Law of the LORD" - 65 You have kept your promise, LORD, and you are good to me, your servant. 66 Give me wisdom and knowledge, because I trust in your commands. 67 Before you punished me, I used to go wrong, but now I obey your word. 68 How good you are -- how kind! Teach me your commands. 69 Proud men have told lies about me, but with all my heart I obey your instructions. 70 These men have no understanding, but I find pleasure in your law. 71 My punishment was good for me, because it made me learn your commands.
"The Justice of the Law of the LORD" - 73 You created me, and you keep me safe; give me understanding, so that I may learn your laws. 74 Those who honor you will be glad when they see me, because I trust in your promise. 75 I know that your judgments are righteous, LORD, and that you punished me because you are faithful. 76 Let your constant love comfort me, as you have promised me, your servant. 77 Have mercy on me, and I will live because I take pleasure in your law. 78 May the proud be ashamed for falsely accusing me; as for me, I will meditate on your instructions.
"A Prayer for Deliverance" - 81 I am worn out, LORD, waiting for you to save me; I place my trust in your word. 82 My eyes are tired from watching for what you promised, while I ask, ""When will you help me?'' 83 I am as useless as a discarded wineskin; yet I have not forgotten your commands. 84 How much longer must I wait? When will you punish those who persecute me? 85 Proud men, who do not obey your law, have dug pits to trap me. 86 Your commandments are all trustworthy; men persecute me with lies -- help me! 87 They have almost succeeded in killing me, but I have not neglected your commands.
"Obedience to the Law of the LORD" - 128 And so I follow all your instructions; I hate all wrong ways.
Study aids for correlative passages from Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures [book review]
|Top of Page|
|B6 - Est 1||Bible Lesson||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 2 ...when the king Ahasuerus sat on the throne of his kingdom, which was in Shushan the palace, 3 In the third year of his reign, he made a feast unto all his princes and his servants;...
5 And when these days were expired, the king made a feast unto all the people that were present in Shushan the palace, both unto great and small, seven days, in the court of the garden of the king's palace;
7 And they gave them drink in vessels of gold, (the vessels being diverse one from another,) and royal wine in abundance, according to the state of the king.
9 Also Vashti the queen
made a feast for the women in the royal house which belonged to king Ahasuerus.
10 On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was merry with wine, he
commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, and Abagtha, Zethar, and Carcas,
the seven chamberlains that served in the presence of Ahasuerus the king,
11 To bring Vashti the queen before the king with the crown royal, to shew
the people and the princes her beauty: for she was fair to look on. 12 But
the queen Vashti refused to come at the king's commandment by his chamberlains:...
NRSV - 2 ...when King Ahasuerus sat on his royal throne in the citadel of Susa, 3 in the third year of his reign, he gave a banquet for all his officials and ministers...
5 When these days were completed, the king gave for all the people present in the citadel of Susa, both great and small, a banquet lasting for seven days, in the court of the garden of the king's palace. 6 There were white cotton curtains and blue hangings tied with cords of fine linen and purple to silver rings and marble pillars. There were couches of gold and silver on a mosaic pavement of porphyry, marble, mother-of-pearl, and colored stones. 7 Drinks were served in golden goblets, goblets of different kinds, and the royal wine was lavished according to the bounty of the king.
9 Furthermore, Queen Vashti gave a banquet for the women in the palace of King Ahasuerus. 10 On the seventh day, when the king was merry with wine, he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha and Abagtha, Zethar and Carkas, the seven eunuchs who attended him, 11 to bring Queen Vashti before the king, wearing the royal crown, in order to show the peoples and the officials her beauty; for she was fair to behold. 12 But Queen Vashti refused to come at the king's command conveyed by the eunuchs...
TEV - "Queen Vashti Defies King Xerxes" - 1...2 From his royal throne in Persia's capital city of Susa, King Xerxes ruled 127 provinces, all the way from India to Sudan. 3 In the third year of his reign he gave a banquet for all his officials and administrators. The armies of Persia and Media were present, as well as the governors and noblemen of the provinces. 4 For six whole months he made a show of the riches of the imperial court with all its splendor and majesty. 5 After that, the king gave a banquet for all the men in the capital city of Susa, rich and poor alike. It lasted a whole week and was held in the gardens of the royal palace. 6 The courtyard there was decorated with blue and white cotton curtains, tied by cords of fine purple linen to silver rings on marble columns. Couches made of gold and silver had been placed in the courtyard, which was paved with white marble, red feldspar, shining mother-of-pearl, and blue turquoise. 7 Drinks were served in gold cups, no two of them alike, and the king was generous with the royal wine. 8 There were no limits on the drinks; the king had given orders to the palace servants that everyone could have as much as he wanted. 9 Meanwhile, inside the royal palace Queen Vashti was giving a banquet for the women. 10 On the seventh day of his banquet the king was drinking and feeling happy, so he called in the seven eunuchs who were his personal servants, Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, Abagtha, Zethar, and Carkas. 11 He ordered them to bring in Queen Vashti, wearing her royal crown. The queen was a beautiful woman, and the king wanted to show off her beauty to the officials and all his guests. 12 But when the servants told Queen Vashti of the king's command, she refused to come. This made the king furious.
1:1-4, The Royal Banquet for the Officials. The story begins at some distance from the main action of the plot, with the depiction of a sumptuous 180-day banquet for officials from all over the Persian Empire. The function of this scene is principally to portray the magnificence and luxury of the Persian court as a backdrop to the decidedly shabby treatment that will be meted out to one of the subject races of that empire, the Jews.
1:5-9, The Royal Banquets for the Citizens of Susa. The narrative focus sharpens on a briefer, but equally pretentious pair of banquets given immediately thereafter by the king and the queen for the citizens of the Persian capital Susa. The kings banquet for the males is, according to the Persian custom, primarily an extended drinking bout, the only rule for its conduct being that the drinking is to be unstinted (1:8). The ostentation of the mens banquet and the elaborate description of the decor of the palace pavilion where it is held contrast with the perfunctory notice given to Queen Vashtis banquet for the women (1:9). But at least the queen, who will prove a mainspring of action in this chapter, has been introduced, even though her strict subordination to the king is emphasized with the notation that her own quarters, where she gives her banquet, are the palace that belonged to King Ahasuerus (1:9).
1:10-22, Vashtis Refusal to Obey the Kings Command. On the seventh and closing day of the festivities and thus presumably as the climax to his self-advertisement, the king sends for Vashti to appear before him at the mens banquet to show off her beauty (1:11)to his advantage rather than hers. Contrary to custom and expectation, she refuses. It is all the more alarming that she gives no reason for her refusal, not even the fact that the king is tipsy. A feminist reading of the narrative is today inescapable, but the author more probably intends a satire against Persian men as incapable of commanding their wives obedience. It is hardly to the credit of this absolute monarch, fabulously wealthy and masterfully supreme in every sphere, that on the domestic front he can be so decisively worsted. He, rather than Vashti, has become the spectacle.
Vashtis unelaborated refusal forms an amusing contrast to the histrionic reaction of the king and his counselors. While the outcome is (perhaps) tragic for Vashtithough we observe that her punishment, never to come again before the king (1:19), is conceivably her dearest wishit is in other respects pure farce. It involves the whole elaborate machinery of Persian law and administrationto say nothing of the postal servicein asserting the right of every man in the empire to be master in his own house. And it is implied that the story of Vashtis independence will spread like wildfire throughout Persian lands, every wife in the empire waiting only for this sign from the empress to break out in long-stifled rebellion against her husband.
1:2-8. The governmental center of the Persian Empire was Persepolis. The phrase translated "Susa the capital" refers rather to the "citadel of Susa," a large acropolis which was formerly the capital of Elam. There Darius [the father of Ahasuerus/Xerxes I] built a luxurious palace as a winter residence. Excavation of its court has shown that the description here is based on accurate information about it. The banquets also have some foundation in the reputation of the Persians in the ancient world for lavish entertaining.
1:9-12. Vashti's Disobedience. Herodotus states that Xerxes' queen was Amestris, daughter of a Persian general; but the fact that Vashti is an Elamite name suggests that it may represent a historical person -- possibly a local princess who was added to the royal harem. The author gives no motivation for her refusal to appear at the king's bidding. Early rabbinic interpreters concocted the explanation that she was ordered to appear wearing only the royal crown.
The book's plot is initiated by an incident involving the queen, Vashti, who gave her own banquet at the same time as the king's second one. The announcement (v.9) of the queen's feast, which appears almost as an aside, establishes the legitimacy of official banquets being offered by the queen of the realm and anticipates the meals to be hosted later by Esther at a critical point in the tale. Certainly the fact of Vashti hosting a banquet for women does not seem essential for the incident that next occurs -- except that it may indicate that Vashti was too busy to respond to her husband's request that his beautiful queen be paraded before the king, his officials, and all the people in attendance at the king's second banquet. She survives her disobedience by losing only her position (v. 19). The calm assertion of autonomy by Vashti results in royal rage and then a ridiculous royal decree -- that all men should be master in their own homes -- which adds a comic touch in that it could hardly be enforced, and indicates that men were not actually dominant in their households.
Anchor Bible: Esther (by Carey
A. Moore, New York: Doubleday, 1971, pages 13-14)
Woman could be present at Persian meals (see Herodotus V. 18, IX. 110); Plutach Artaxerxes V), but Queen Vashti chose to have a separate party for the women. We should understand the segregation of the sexes here in the narrative as a literary device of the authro, whereby he sets the stage for the intoxicated king's request at his stag party (vs. 10).
The MT [Masosetic Text] gives no reason for Vashti's refusal to answer the king's summons (vs. 12), thus opening the doors for speculation. Since she was specifically commanded to come with the royal turban (vs. 11), the Megilla, I and II Targums, and other ancient commentaries inferred that Vashti was commanded to wear only that, and was in effect, commanded to appear stark naked; and so she refused. Modern interpreters all agree, however, that the king was in effect insisting that she appear fully attired, with her lovely turban. Since Josephus (Antiquities XI. 191) says that strangers were not allowed to look at the beauty of Persian wives, many commentators have seen Vashti's defiance as a modest and totally justifiable refusal to appear, even fully clad, before a group of drunken men... (The whole incident is vaguely reminiscent of the account in Herodotus [I. 8-13] of how the Lydian king Candaules contrived to have his servant Gyges see his wife naked, so proud was Candaules of her beauty.)...
That the king should have been infuriated at his queen's defiance is just as understandable as his subsequent removal of her as queen; but that he should have brought into full play the communications system of the entire Persian empire for such a purpose is ridiculous. Then again, drunken men sometimes are ridiculous...
|B7 - Rom 13||Bible Lesson||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 13 Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and envying.
NRSV - 13 let us live honorably as in the day, not in reveling and drunkenness, not in debauchery and licentiousness, not in quarreling and jealousy.
TEV - "Duties toward One Another" - 11 You must do this, because you know that the time has come for you to wake up from your sleep. For the moment when we will be saved is closer now than it was when we first believed. 12 The night is nearly over, day is almost here. Let us stop doing the things that belong to the dark, and let us take up weapons for fighting in the light. 13 Let us conduct ourselves properly, as people who live in the light of day -- no orgies or drunkenness, no immorality or indecency, no fighting or jealousy.14 But take up the weapons of the Lord Jesus Christ, and stop paying attention to your sinful nature and satisfying its desires.
|B8 - Pro 12||Bible Lesson||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 4 A virtuous woman is a crown to her husband:...
NRSV - 4 A good wife is the crown of her husband,...
TEV - "Solomon's Proverbs" - 1 Anyone who loves knowledge wants to be told when he is wrong. It is stupid to hate being corrected. 2 The LORD is pleased with good people, but condemns those who plan evil. 3 Wickedness does not give security, but righteous people stand firm. 4 A good wife is her husband's pride and joy; but a wife who brings shame on her husband is like a cancer in his bones. 5 Honest people will treat you fairly; the wicked only want to deceive you. 6 The words of wicked men are murderous, but the words of the righteous rescue those who are threatened. 7 Wicked men meet their downfall and leave no descendants, but the families of righteous men live on.
|B9 - Pro 31||Bible Lesson||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 25 Strength and honour are her clothing; and she shall rejoice in time to come.
NRSV - 25 Strength and dignity are her clothing, and she laughs at the time to come.
TEV - "The Capable Wife" - 18 She knows the value of everything she makes, and works late into the night. 19 She spins her own thread and weaves her own cloth. 20 She is generous to the poor and needy. 21 She doesn't worry when it snows, because her family has warm clothing. 22 She makes bedspreads and wears clothes of fine purple linen. 23 Her husband is well known, one of the leading citizens. 24 She makes clothes and belts, and sells them to merchants. 25 She is strong and respected and not afraid of the future. 26 She speaks with a gentle wisdom.
|B10 - Deu 6||Bible Lesson||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 4 ...The Lord our God is one Lord: 5 And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might.
NRSV - 4 ...The LORD is our God, the LORD alone. 5 You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your might.
TEV - "The Great Commandment" - 4 "Israel, remember this! The LORD -- and the LORD alone -- is our God. 5 Love the LORD your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your strength. 6 Never forget these commands that I am giving you today. 7 Teach them to your children. Repeat them when you are at home and when you are away, when you are resting and when you are working. 8 Tie them on your arms and wear them on your foreheads as a reminder. 9 Write them on the doorposts of your houses and on your gates.
Study aids for correlative passages from Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures [book review]
|Top of Page|
|B11 - Est 1||Bible Lesson||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 12 ...therefore was the king very wroth, and his anger burned in him. 13 Then the king said to the wise men, which knew the times, (for so was the king's manner toward all that knew law and judgment: 14 And the next unto him was Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media, which saw the king's face, and which sat the first in the kingdom;) 15 What shall we do unto the queen Vashti according to law because she hath not performed the commandment of the king Ahasuerus by the chamberlains? 16 And Memucan answered before the king and princes, Vashti the queen hath not done wrong to the king only, but also to all the princes, and to all the people that are in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus.
19 If it please the king, let there go a royal commandment from him, and let it be written among the laws of the Persians and the Medes, that it be not altered, That Vashti come no more before king Ahasuerus; and let the king give her royal estate unto another that is better than she.
21 And the saying pleased
the king and the princes; and the king did according to the word of Memucan:
22 For he sent letters into all the king's provinces, into every province
according to the writing thereof, and to every people after their language,
that every man should bear rule in his own house, and that it should be
published according to the language of every people.
NRSV - 12 ...Queen Vashti refused to come at the king's command conveyed by the eunuchs. At this the king was enraged, and his anger burned within him. 13 Then the king consulted the sages who knew the laws (for this was the king's procedure toward all who were versed in law and custom, 14 and those next to him were Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven officials of Persia and Media, who had access to the king, and sat first in the kingdom): 15 "According to the law, what is to be done to Queen Vashti because she has not performed the command of King Ahasuerus conveyed by the eunuchs?" 16 Then Memucan said in the presence of the king and the officials, "Not only has Queen Vashti done wrong to the king, but also to all the officials and all the peoples who are in all the provinces of King Ahasuerus.
19 If it pleases the king, let a royal order go out from him, and let it be written among the laws of the Persians and the Medes so that it may not be altered, that Vashti is never again to come before King Ahasuerus; and let the king give her royal position to another who is better than she.
21 This advice pleased
the king and the officials, and the king did as Memucan proposed; 22 he
sent letters to all the royal provinces, to every province in its own script
and to every people in its own language, declaring that every man should
be master in his own house.
TEV - "Queen Vashti Defies King Xerxes" - 9 Meanwhile, inside the royal palace Queen Vashti was giving a banquet for the women. 10 On the seventh day of his banquet the king was drinking and feeling happy, so he called in the seven eunuchs who were his personal servants, Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, Abagtha, Zethar, and Carkas. 11 He ordered them to bring in Queen Vashti, wearing her royal crown. The queen was a beautiful woman, and the king wanted to show off her beauty to the officials and all his guests. 12 But when the servants told Queen Vashti of the king's command, she refused to come. This made the king furious. 13 Now it was the king's custom to ask for expert opinion on questions of law and order, so he called for his advisers, who would know what should be done. 14 Those he most often turned to for advice were Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan -- seven officials of Persia and Media who held the highest offices in the kingdom. 15 He said to these men, "I, King Xerxes, sent my servants to Queen Vashti with a command, and she refused to obey it! What does the law say that we should do with her?" 16 Then Memucan declared to the king and his officials: "Queen Vashti has insulted not only the king but also his officials -- in fact, every man in the empire! 17 Every woman in the empire will start looking down on her husband as soon as she hears what the queen has done. They'll say, "King Xerxes commanded Queen Vashti to come to him, and she refused.' 18 When the wives of the royal officials of Persia and Media hear about the queen's behavior, they will be telling their husbands about it before the day is out. Wives everywhere will have no respect for their husbands, and husbands will be angry with their wives. 19 If it please Your Majesty, issue a royal proclamation that Vashti may never again appear before the king. Have it written into the laws of Persia and Media, so that it can never be changed. Then give her place as queen to some better woman. 20 When your proclamation is made known all over this huge empire, every woman will treat her husband with proper respect, whether he's rich or poor." 21 The king and his officials liked this idea, and the king did what Memucan suggested. 22 To each of the royal provinces he sent a message in the language and the system of writing of that province, saying that every husband should be the master of his home and speak with final authority.
|B12 - Eph 5||Bible Lesson||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 6 Let no man deceive you with vain words:...
17 Wherefore be ye not unwise, but understanding what the will of the Lord is.
25 Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the church, and gave himself for it;
28 So ought men to
love their wives as their own bodies. He that loveth his wife loveth himself.
29 For no man ever yet hated his own flesh;...
NRSV - 6 Let no one deceive you with empty words,...
17 So do not be foolish, but understand what the will of the Lord is.
25 Husbands, love your wives, just as Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her,
28 In the same way, husbands should love their wives as they do their own bodies. He who loves his wife loves himself. 29 For no one ever hates his own body,...
TEV - "Living in the Light" - 6 Do not let anyone deceive you with foolish words; it is because of these very things that God's anger will come upon those who do not obey him. 7 So have nothing at all to do with such people.
15 So be careful how you live. Don't live like ignorant people, but like wise people. 16 Make good use of every opportunity you have, because these are evil days. 17 Don't be fools, then, but try to find out what the Lord wants you to do. 18 Do not get drunk with wine, which will only ruin you; instead, be filled with the Spirit. 19 Speak to one another with the words of psalms, hymns, and sacred songs; sing hymns and psalms to the Lord with praise in your hearts. 20 In the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, always give thanks for everything to God the Father.
Husbands" - 25 Husbands, love your wives just as Christ loved
the church and gave his life for it. 26 He did this to dedicate the
church to God by his word, after making it clean by washing it in water,
27 in order to present the church to himself in all its beauty -- pure and
faultless, without spot or wrinkle or any other imperfection. 28 Men
ought to love their wives just as they love their own bodies. A man who
loves his wife loves himself. (29 No one ever hates his own body. Instead,
he feeds it and takes care of it, just as Christ does the church; 30 for
we are members of his body.) 31 As the scripture says, "For this reason
a man will leave his father and mother and unite with his wife, and the
two will become one."
|B13 - Psa 24||Bible Lesson||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 3 Who shall ascend into the hill of the Lord? or who shall stand in his holy place? 4 He that hath clean hands, and a pure heart; who hath not lifted up his soul unto vanity, nor sworn deceitfully. 5 He shall receive the blessing from the Lord, and righteousness from the God of his salvation.
NRSV - 3 Who shall ascend the hill of the LORD? And who shall stand in his holy place? 4 Those who have clean hands and pure hearts, who do not lift up their souls to what is false, and do not swear deceitfully. 5 They will receive blessing from the LORD, and vindication from the God of their salvation.
TEV - "The Great King" - 3 Who has the right to go up the LORD's hill? Who may enter his holy Temple? 4 Those who are pure in act and in thought, who do not worship idols or make false promises. 5 The LORD will bless them and save them; God will declare them innocent. 6 Such are the people who come to God, who come into the presence of the God of Jacob.
Study aids for correlative passages from Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures [book review]
|Top of Page|
|B14 - Jer 8||Bible Lesson||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 15 We looked for peace, but no good came; and for a time of health, and behold trouble!
22 Is there no balm
in Gilead; is there no physician there? why then is not the health of the
daughter of my people recovered?
NRSV - 15 We look for peace, but find no good, for a time of healing, but there is terror instead.
22 Is there no balm
in Gilead? Is there no physician there? Why then has the health of my poor
people not been restored?
TEV - "Sin and Punishment" - 14 "Why are we sitting still?" God's people ask. "Come on, we will run to the fortified cities and die there. The LORD our God has condemned us to die; he has given us poison to drink, because we have sinned against him. 15 We hoped for peace and a time of healing, but it was no use; terror came instead. 16 Our enemies are already in the city of Dan; we hear the snorting of their horses. The whole land trembles when their horses neigh. Our enemies have come to destroy our land and everything in it, our city and all its people." 17 "Watch out!" the LORD says, "I am sending snakes among you, poisonous snakes that cannot be charmed, and they will bite you."
"Jeremiah's Sorrow for His People" - 20 The people cry out, "The summer is gone, the harvest is over, but we have not been saved." 21 My heart has been crushed because my people are crushed; I mourn; I am completely dismayed. 22 Is there no medicine in Gilead? Are there no doctors there? Why, then, have my people not been healed?
|B15 - Isa 45||Bible Lesson||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 22 Look unto me, and be ye saved, all the ends of the earth: for I am God, and there is none else.
NRSV - 22 Turn to me and be saved, all the ends of the earth! For I am God, and there is no other.
TEV - "The LORD of the World and the Idols of Babylon" - 22 "Turn to me now and be saved, people all over the world! I am the only God there is. 23 My promise is true, and it will not be changed. I solemnly promise by all that I am: Everyone will come and kneel before me and vow to be loyal to me. 24 "They will say that only through me are victory and strength to be found; but all who hate me will suffer disgrace. 25 I, the LORD, will rescue all the descendants of Jacob, and they will give me praise.
|B16 - Psa 42||Bible Lesson||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 2 My soul thirsteth for God, for the living God:...
11 Why art thou cast
down, O my soul? and why art thou disquieted within me? hope thou in God:
for I shall yet praise him, who is the health of my countenance, and my
NRSV - 2 My soul thirsts for God, for the living God...
11 Why are you cast
down, O my soul, and why are you disquieted within me? Hope in God; for
I shall again praise him, my help and my God.
TEV - "The Prayer of a Man in Exile" - 1 As a deer longs for a stream of cool water, so I long for you, O God. 2 I thirst for you, the living God. When can I go and worship in your presence? 3 Day and night I cry, and tears are my only food; all the time my enemies ask me, "Where is your God?"
9 To God, my defender, I say, "Why have you forgotten me? Why must I go on suffering from the cruelty of my enemies?" 10 I am crushed by their insults, as they keep on asking me, "Where is your God?" 11 Why am I so sad? Why am I so troubled? I will put my hope in God, and once again I will praise him, my savior and my God.
|B17 - Psa 19||Bible Lesson||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 7 The law of the Lord is perfect, converting the soul:...
9 The fear of the Lord is clean, enduring for ever: the judgments of the Lord are true and righteous altogether.
14 Let the words of
my mouth, and the meditation of my heart, be acceptable in thy sight, O
Lord, my strength, and my redeemer.
NRSV - 7 The law of the LORD is perfect, reviving the soul;...
9 the fear of the LORD is pure, enduring forever; the ordinances of the LORD are true and righteous altogether.
14 Let the words of
my mouth and the meditation of my heart be acceptable to you, O LORD, my
rock and my redeemer.
TEV - "The Law of the LORD" - 7 The law of the LORD is perfect; it gives new strength. The commands of the LORD are trustworthy, giving wisdom to those who lack it. 8 The laws of the LORD are right, and those who obey them are happy. The commands of the LORD are just and give understanding to the mind. 9 Reverence for the LORD is good; it will continue forever. The judgments of the LORD are just; they are always fair. 10 They are more desirable than the finest gold; they are sweeter than the purest honey.
12 No one can see his own errors; deliver me, LORD, from hidden faults! 13 Keep me safe, also, from willful sins; don't let them rule over me. Then I shall be perfect and free from the evil of sin. 14 May my words and my thoughts be acceptable to you, O LORD, my refuge and my redeemer!
|B18 - 2Co 5||Bible Lesson||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 8 We are confident, I say, and willing rather to be absent from the body, and to be present with the Lord.
NRSV - 8 Yes, we do have confidence, and we would rather be away from the body and at home with the Lord.
TEV - "Living by Faith" - 6 So we are always full of courage. We know that as long as we are at home in the body we are away from the Lord's home. 7 For our life is a matter of faith, not of sight. 8 We are full of courage and would much prefer to leave our home in the body and be at home with the Lord. 9 More than anything else, however, we want to please him, whether in our home here or there. 10 For all of us must appear before Christ, to be judged by him. Each one will receive what he deserves, according to everything he has done, good or bad, in his bodily life.
Study aids for correlative passages from Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures [book review]
|Top of Page|
|B19 - Isa 42||Bible Lesson||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 1 Behold my servant, whom I uphold; mine elect, in whom my soul delighteth; I have put my spirit upon him: he shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles.
21 The Lord is well
pleased for his righteousness' sake; he will magnify the law, and make it
NRSV - 1 Here is my servant, whom I uphold, my chosen, in whom my soul delights; I have put my spirit upon him; he will bring forth justice to the nations.
21 The LORD was pleased,
for the sake of his righteousness, to magnify his teaching and make it glorious.
TEV - "The LORD's Servant" - 1 The LORD says, "Here is my servant, whom I strengthen -- the one I have chosen, with whom I am pleased. I have filled him with my spirit, and he will bring justice to every nation. 2 He will not shout or raise his voice or make loud speeches in the streets. 3 He will not break off a bent reed nor put out a flickering lamp. He will bring lasting justice to all. 4 He will not lose hope or courage; he will establish justice on the earth. Distant lands eagerly wait for his teaching."
to Learn" - 21 The LORD is a God who is eager to save, so he
exalted his laws and teachings, and he wanted his people to honor them.
22 But now his people have been plundered; they are locked up in dungeons
and hidden away in prisons. They were robbed and plundered, with no one
to come to their rescue.
|B20 - Luk 9||Bible Lesson||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 38 And, behold, a man of the company cried out, saying, Master, I beseech thee, look upon my son: for he is mine only child. 39 And, lo, a spirit taketh him, and he suddenly crieth out; and it teareth him that he foameth again, and bruising him hardly departeth from him. 40 And I besought thy disciples to cast him out; and they could not. 41 And Jesus answering said, O faithless and perverse generation, how long shall I be with you, and suffer you? Bring thy son hither. 42 And as he was yet a coming, the devil threw him down, and tare him. And Jesus rebuked the unclean spirit, and healed the child, and delivered him again to his father. 43 And they were all amazed at the mighty power of God...
NRSV - 38 Just then a man from the crowd shouted, "Teacher, I beg you to look at my son; he is my only child. 39 Suddenly a spirit seizes him, and all at once he shrieks. It convulses him until he foams at the mouth; it mauls him and will scarcely leave him. 40 I begged your disciples to cast it out, but they could not." 41 Jesus answered, "You faithless and perverse generation, how much longer must I be with you and bear with you? Bring your son here." 42 While he was coming, the demon dashed him to the ground in convulsions. But Jesus rebuked the unclean spirit, healed the boy, and gave him back to his father. 43 And all were astounded at the greatness of God...
TEV - "Jesus Heals a Boy with an Evil Spirit" - 37 The next day Jesus and the three disciples went down from the hill, and a large crowd met Jesus. 38 A man shouted from the crowd, "Teacher! I beg you, look at my son -- my only son! 39 A spirit attacks him with a sudden shout and throws him into a fit, so that he foams at the mouth; it keeps on hurting him and will hardly let him go! 40 I begged your disciples to drive it out, but they couldn't." 41 Jesus answered, "How unbelieving and wrong you people are! How long must I stay with you? How long do I have to put up with you?" Then he said to the man, "Bring your son here." 42 As the boy was coming, the demon knocked him to the ground and threw him into a fit. Jesus gave a command to the evil spirit, healed the boy, and gave him back to his father. 43 All the people were amazed at the mighty power of God.
Study aids for correlative passages from Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures [book review]
|Top of Page|
|B21 - Nah 1||Bible Lesson||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 7 The Lord is good, a strong hold in the day of trouble;...
9 What do ye imagine
against the Lord?...
NRSV - 7 The LORD is good, a stronghold in a day of trouble;...
9 Why do you plot against
TEV - "The LORD's Anger against Nineveh" - 7 The LORD is good; he protects his people in times of trouble; he takes care of those who turn to him. 8 Like a great rushing flood he completely destroys his enemies; he sends to their death those who oppose him. 9 What are you plotting against the LORD? He will destroy you. No one opposes him more than once. 10 Like tangled thorns and dry straw you drunkards will be burned up!
|B22 - Psa 119||Bible Lesson||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 30 I have chosen the way of truth: thy judgments have I laid before me.
44 So shall I keep
thy law continually for ever and ever.
NRSV - 30 I have chosen the way of faithfulness; I set your ordinances before me.
44 I will keep your
law continually, forever and ever.
TEV - "Determination to Obey the Law of the LORD" - 27 Help me to understand your laws, and I will meditate on your wonderful teachings. 28 I am overcome by sorrow; strengthen me, as you have promised. 29 Keep me from going the wrong way, and in your goodness teach me your law. 30 I have chosen to be obedient; I have paid attention to your judgments. 31 I have followed your instructions, LORD; don't let me be put to shame. 32 I will eagerly obey your commands, because you will give me more understanding.
Law of the LORD" - 41 Show me how much you love me, LORD, and save
me according to your promise. 42 Then I can answer those who insult me because
I trust in your word. 43 Enable me to speak the truth at all times, because
my hope is in your judgments. 44 I will always obey your law, forever
and ever. 45 I will live in perfect freedom, because I try to obey your
teachings. 46 I will announce your commands to kings and I will not be ashamed.
47 I find pleasure in obeying your commands, because I love them.
|B23 - Psa 66||Bible Lesson||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 8 O bless our God, ye people, and make the voice of his praise to be heard: 9 Which holdeth our soul in life, and suffereth not our feet to be moved.
16 Come and hear, all
ye that fear God, and I will declare what he hath done for my soul.
NRSV - 8 Bless our God, O peoples, let the sound of his praise be heard, 9 who has kept us among the living, and has not let our feet slip.
16 Come and hear, all
you who fear God, and I will tell what he has done for me.
TEV - "A Song of Praise and Thanksgiving" - 5 Come and see what God has done, his wonderful acts among men. 6 He changed the sea into dry land; our ancestors crossed the river on foot. There we rejoiced because of what he did. 7 He rules forever by his might and keeps his eyes on the nations. Let no rebels rise against him. 8 Praise our God, all nations; let your praise be heard. 9 He has kept us alive and has not allowed us to fall.
13 I will bring burnt
offerings to your house; I will offer you what I promised. 14 I will give
you what I said I would when I was in trouble. 15 I will offer sheep to
be burned on the altar; I will sacrifice bulls and goats, and the smoke
will go up to the sky. 16 Come and listen, all who honor God, and I will
tell you what he has done for me. 17 I cried to him for help; I praised
him with songs. 18 If I had ignored my sins, the Lord would not have listened
to me. 19 But God has indeed heard me; he has listened to my prayer.
|B24 - Psa 23||Bible Lesson||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 3 He restoreth my soul:...
4 Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff they comfort me.
6 Surely goodness and
mercy shall follow me all the days of my life: and I will dwell in the house
of the Lord for ever.
NRSV - 3 he restores my soul...
4 Even though I walk through the darkest valley, I fear no evil; for you are with me; your rod and your staff -- they comfort me.
6 Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life, and I shall dwell in the house of the LORD my whole life long.
TEV - "The LORD Our Shepherd" - 1 The LORD is my shepherd; I have everything I need. 2 He lets me rest in fields of green grass and leads me to quiet pools of fresh water. 3 He gives me new strength. He guides me in the right paths, as he has promised. 4 Even if I go through the deepest darkness, I will not be afraid, LORD, for you are with me. Your shepherd's rod and staff protect me. 5 You prepare a banquet for me, where all my enemies can see me; you welcome me as an honored guest and fill my cup to the brim. 6 I know that your goodness and love will be with me all my life; and your house will be my home as long as I live.
|Resources||Description of each Bible Lesson Study Aid resource||Web links|
|Bible Lesson||The Bible Lesson's 3 components and BibleTexts.com's online Bible Lesson research tools are listed and described at http://www.bibletexts.com/bl-components.htm.|
King James Version (KJV) -- Dr. Benjamin Blayney's 1769 revision of the KJV. Almost all of today's printed and electronic editions of the KJV are based upon Dr. Blayney's 1769 revision of the KJV, which like many of its KJV-revision predecessors, does not include the Apocrypha and the marginal notes that were in the original 1611 edition of the KJV. Spelling and punctuation also are quite different from the 1611 edition. Even in today's editions of the KJV, there remain some punctuation and spelling differences among major publishers.
Strong's numbers identify the Hebrew (OT) or Greek words (NT) from which the English words were translated. In BibleTexts.com footnotes, the numbers are enclosed in less-than and greater-than signs < >. Keep in mind that the Strong's numbers in the KJV do not necessarily represent the Hebrew and Greek words in the original texts. They represent the Hebrew and Greek texts from which the KJV was translated. The following toolbars with resources based upon Strong's numbers:
NAS Bible with Strong's numbers (based upon more accurate Hebrew and Greek texts than KJV)
|NRSV||New Revised Standard Version (NRSV) -- Copyright, 1989, by the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of Churches of Christ in the USA. Used by permission. All rights reserved.|
|TEV||Today's English Version (TEV) -- Copyright 1976, 1992, American Bible Society. Used by permission. All rights reserved.|
|The Study Aid's footnotes are comprised of excerpts from the BibleTexts.com Bible Commentary. They include textual commentary, exegesis, cross references, and links to other resources relevant to the Bible Lesson citations. To explore the footnotes for each citation, (1) locate the light blue box immediately above each citation, (2) click on the underlined "..commentary," then (3) use PgDn or Ctrl-F to find the commentary and references for that citation's verses.||BibleTexts.com Bible Commentary|
Copyright 1996-2003 Robert Nguyen Cramer