Bible Lesson Study Aid - Study Edition
for the week of Monday, Oct 4, through Sunday, Oct 10, 2004 (version 184.108.40.206)
This Bible Lesson Study Aid is not the Bible Lesson but contains tools for exploring it.
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|Abbreviations||Bible Lesson Study Aid - description of resources||Bible Lesson Study Aid - Text-only Edition|
|Bible Lesson, Sunday School, and church resources (newly expanded)||Characteristics of earliest Christianity|
|Sections of the Bible Lesson - and TEV paragraph headings for each citation|
|GT/RR||Section 1||Section 2||Section 3||Section 4||Section 5||Section 6|
|GT - The LORD Prepares to Rescue His People||B1 - Habakkuk Complains to the LORD Again||B5 - The Future King||B9 - Wise Saying #7. Wise Saying #15||B12 - God Will Rescue Jerusalem||B16 - The Healing at the Pool. The Authority of the Son||B18 - Jesus Sends Out the Twelve Disciples|
|RR1 - God's Assurance to Israel||B2 - A Song of Joy||B6 - Jesus Has Pity for the People||B10 - The Lost Son||B13 - God's People Will Include All Nations||B17 - Jesus the Bread of Life||B19 - Jesus Sends Out the Seventy-Two. The Return of the Seventy-Two|
|RR2 - The LORD's Servant||B3 - The Love of God||B7 - The Messengers from John the Baptist||B11 - Israel's Moral Corruption. The LORD Brings Salvation. The LORD's Compassion on Israel||B14 - Jesus Feeds Five Thousand Men|
|RR3 - The Restoration of Jerusalem||B4 - The Future King||B8 - Jesus the Light of the World||B15 - The Official's Daughter||B20 - Victory through Christ|
"Questions to explore" and "People mentioned" in this week's Bible Lesson
|Questions||PEOPLE - Bible dictionary definitions||PEOPLE - S&H references|
When using the online "Strong's" lexicon links below, delete any preceding zeros when inputting the Strong's numbers.
Golden Text & Responsive Reading
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|GT - Isa 59||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
(with corrections) - 19
When the enemy
[the Lord] shall come in like a flood, [which] the Spirit
[wind] of the Lord shall lift up a standard against him [drives].
ESV - 19 ...the LORD ... will come like a rushing stream, which the wind of the LORD drives.
NRSV - 19 ...the LORD ... will come like a pent-up stream that the wind of the LORD drives on.
Tanakh - ...the Lord ... shall come like a hemmed-in stream which the wind of the LORD drives on;
TEV - "The Lord Prepares to Rescue His People" - 15 There is so little honesty that those who stop doing evil find themselves the victims of crime. The Lord has seen this, and he is displeased that there is no justice. 16 He is astonished to see that there is no one to help the oppressed. So he will use his own power to rescue them and to win the victory. 17 He will wear justice like a coat of armour and saving power like a helmet. He will clothe himself with the strong desire to set things right and to punish and avenge the wrongs that people suffer. 18 He will punish his enemies according to what they have done, even those who live in distant lands. 19 From east to west everyone will fear him and his great power. He will come like a rushing river, like a strong wind. 20 The Lord says to his people, I will come to Jerusalem to defend you and to save all of you that turn from your sins. 21And I make a covenant with you: I have given you my power and my teachings to be yours for ever, and from now on you are to obey me and teach your children and your descendants to obey me for all time to come.
[59:15b-19] YHWH's response to these troubles is now set out. This describes YHWH as the Divine Warrior, an image running through much of the HB from Ex 15:3 on, and frequently used in Isaiah (e.g. 51:9-11). Here the conflict is spelt out in greater detail. The threat to peace is found in the lack of justice; there is no one else to intervene, so YHWH himself, pictured as clad like a warrior, brings a retribution which will be acknowledged in world-wide terms (Hanson 1979: 124). The wording provided the author of Ephesians with the basis for his picture of the Christian's warfare, but it is a theme which was to have an ominous future in the history of religion, as various fanatical groups have identified themselves with God's supposedly warlike purposes.
Ever guiding the classical prophets and Jesus was the vision of that final day when all nations would acknowledge God's sovereignty, thereby introducing an era of universal peace. But the appropriate preparation for that day was found in the daily task of doing justice and loving kindness and walking humbly with God in the here and now...
Whether the intractibility of evil encountered takes the form of powerful foreign oppressors ... or the compatriots of Isaiah who act "as if they were a nation that practiced righteousness," it can batter the lives of those seeking to live in faithful obedience unto the point of despair. Precisely at that point, where there seems to be no earthly possibility of foreseeing the victory of righteousness over evil, the apocalyptic vision offers its defiant affirmation that, although "there was no one to intervene," the victory was still assured... With uncompromising clarity, it makes the affirmation of God's universal sovereignty and the irreducibly trancendent nature of the destiny intended by God for all those created in the divine image. [p. 214]
In arguing for the participation of prophetic voices in the formulation of the values upon which we base our personal and communal lives, we are not overlooking the implied complexity and dangers. David Koresh and Jim Jones were regarded as prophets by their followers. The community of faith that intends to add its voice to public debate must follow very stringent rules, including rigorous study of its beliefs and their sources, self-criticism and openness to criticism offered by other traditions, awareness of relevant scientific research, and a global consciousness... Only communities of faith that observe such strict standards of self-regulation, criticism, and rigorous reflection will contribute to the preservation of a perspective that transcends personal, partisan, and national self-interest. [p. 215]
In the case of communities growing out of biblical tradition, the courage to speak with impartiality at times when popular opinion is being swayed by materialistic individualism, myopic expediency, racism, sexism, economic elitism, or nationalistic self-interest will be fostered by the prophetic tradition of which Isaiah 59 is a part, and especially by the central reality of the God of compassionate justice. [p. 216]
A narrow river has a rushing current (Isa 59:19).
The KJV then goes on to mistranslate the Hebrew word nus <Strong's #5127> as "shall lift up a standard;" whereas, modern translations correctly and consistently translate it as "drives." As explained by James Muilenburg (The Interpreter's Bible, Volume 5, edited by George Arthur Buttrick (Nashville: Abingdon, 1956, page 696):
19. God appears in a mighty and universal theophany (cf. 40:5; 60:1-2; 66:18-19). Clothed in his mantle of awful fury and the intensity of his zeal (vs. 17), he comes in judgment like a pent-up stream that breaks through its channels and is driven on by the mighty wind of Yahweh [a.k.a., Jehovah, the Lord]. A parallel may be found in 30:27-28, which may serve as a guide to its interpretation.
All major modern Bible versions (ASV, CEV, ESV, Goodspeed, JB, Moffatt, Moulton, NASB, NEB NIV, NJB, NLT, NRSV, REB, Rotherham, RSV, RV, Tanakh) and the primary ancient translations (Greek Septuagint and Latin Vulgate) are consistent with each other on the translation of this passage. Only the KJV and those that follow the KJV, such as the NKJV, mistranslate this passage.
|RR1 - Isa 41||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
ESV - 13 ...I, the LORD your God, hold your right hand; it is I who say to you, "Fear not, I am the one who helps you."
TEV - "God's Assurance to Israel" - 11 "Those who are angry with you will know the shame of defeat. Those who fight against you will die 12 and will disappear from the earth. 13 I am the LORD your God; I strengthen you and tell you, "Do not be afraid; I will help you."
|RR2 - Isa 42||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 1 Behold my servant, whom I uphold; mine elect, in whom my soul delighteth; I have put my spirit upon him:
6 I the Lord have called
thee in righteousness, and will hold thine hand, and will keep thee, and give
thee for a covenant of the people, for a light of the Gentiles; 7 To open the
blind eyes, to bring out the prisoners from the prison, and them that sit in
darkness out of the prison house.
ESV - 1 Behold my servant, whom I uphold, my chosen, in whom my soul delights; I have put my Spirit upon him;...
6 "I am the LORD; I have called you in righteousness; I will take you by the hand and keep you; I will give you as a covenant for the people, a light for the nations, 7 to open the eyes that are blind, to bring out the prisoners from the dungeon, from the prison those who sit in darkness.
TEV - "The LORD's Servant" - 1 The LORD says, "Here is my servant, whom I strengthen -- the one I have chosen, with whom I am pleased. I have filled him with my spirit, and he will bring justice to every nation. 2 He will not shout or raise his voice or make loud speeches in the streets. 3 He will not break off a bent reed nor put out a flickering lamp. He will bring lasting justice to all. 4 He will not lose hope or courage; he will establish justice on the earth. Distant lands eagerly wait for his teaching." 5 God created the heavens and stretched them out; he fashioned the earth and all that lives there; he gave life and breath to all its people. And now the LORD God says to his servant, 6 "I, the LORD, have called you and given you power to see that justice is done on earth. Through you I will make a covenant with all peoples; through you I will bring light to the nations. 7 You will open the eyes of the blind and set free those who sit in dark prisons.
|RR3 - Isa 49||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
17 Thy children shall make haste; thy destroyers and they that made thee waste shall go forth of thee.
19 For thy waste and thy desolate places, and the land of thy destruction, shall even now be too narrow by reason of the inhabitants, and they that swallowed thee up shall be far away.
22 Thus saith the Lord God, Behold, I will lift up mine hand to the Gentiles, and set up my standard to the people: and they shall bring thy sons in their arms, and thy daughters shall be carried upon their shoulders.
ESV - 13 Sing for joy, O heavens, and exult, O earth; break forth, O mountains, into singing! for the LORD has comforted his people and will have compassion on his afflicted.
17 Your builders make haste; your destroyers and those who laid you waste go out from you.
19 "Surely your waste and your desolate places and your devastated land- surely now you will be too narrow for your inhabitants, and those who swallowed you up will be far away.
22 Thus says the Lord GOD: "Behold, I will lift up my hand to the nations, and raise my signal to the peoples; and they shall bring your sons in their bosom, and your daughters shall be carried on their shoulders.
TEV - "The Restoration of Jerusalem" - 11 "I will make a highway across the mountains and prepare a road for my people to travel. 12 My people will come from far away, from the north and the west, and from Aswan in the south." 13 Sing, heavens! Shout for joy, earth! Let the mountains burst into song! The LORD will comfort his people; he will have pity on his suffering people. 14 But the people of Jerusalem said, "The LORD has abandoned us! He has forgotten us." 15 So the LORD answers, "Can a woman forget her own baby and not love the child she bore? Even if a mother should forget her child, I will never forget you. 16 Jerusalem, I can never forget you! I have written your name on the palms of my hands. 17 "Those who will rebuild you are coming soon, and those who destroyed you will leave. 18 Look around and see what is happening! Your people are assembling -- they are coming home! As surely as I am the living God, you will be proud of your people, as proud as a bride is of her jewels. 19 "Your country was ruined and desolate -- but now it will be too small for those who are coming to live there. And those who left you in ruins will be far removed from you.
22 The Sovereign LORD says to his people: "I will signal to the nations, and they will bring your children home. 23 Kings will be like fathers to you; queens will be like mothers. They will bow low before you and honor you; they will humbly show their respect for you. Then you will know that I am the LORD; no one who waits for my help will be disappointed." 24 Can you take away a soldier's loot? Can you rescue the prisoners of a tyrant?
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|B1 - Hab 1||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 12 Art thou not from everlasting, O Lord my God, mine Holy One?
13 Thou art of purer eyes
than to behold evil, and canst not look on iniquity:
ESV - 12 Are you not from everlasting, O LORD my God, my Holy One?...
13 You who
are of purer eyes than to see evil and cannot look at wrong,...
TEV - "Habakkuk Complains to the LORD Again" - 12 LORD, from the very beginning you are God. You are my God, holy and eternal. LORD, my God and protector, you have chosen the Babylonians and made them strong so that they can punish us. 13 But how can you stand these treacherous, evil men? Your eyes are too holy to look at evil, and you cannot stand the sight of people doing wrong. So why are you silent while they destroy people who are more righteous than they are?
|B2 - Zep 3||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 14 Sing, O daughter of Zion; shout, O Israel; be glad and rejoice with all the heart, O daughter of Jerusalem. 15 The Lord hath taken away thy judgments, he hath cast out thine enemy: the king of Israel, even the Lord, is in the midst of thee: thou shalt not see evil any more. 16 In that day it shall be said to Jerusalem, Fear thou not: and to Zion, Let not thine hands be slack. 17 The Lord thy God in the midst of thee is mighty; he will save, he will rejoice over thee with joy; he will rest in his love, he will joy over thee with singing.
20 At that time will
I bring you again, even in the time that I gather you: for I will make you
a name and a praise among all people of the earth, when I turn back your captivity
before your eyes, saith the Lord.
ESV - 14 Sing aloud, O daughter of Zion; shout, O Israel! Rejoice and exult with all your heart, O daughter of Jerusalem! 15 The LORD has taken away the judgments against you; he has cleared away your enemies. The King of Israel, the LORD, is in your midst; you shall never again fear evil. 16 On that day it shall be said to Jerusalem: "Fear not, O Zion; let not your hands grow weak. 17 The LORD your God is in your midst, a mighty one who will save; he will rejoice over you with gladness; he will quiet you by his love; he will exult over you with loud singing.
20 At that time I will bring you in, at the time when I gather you together; for I will make you renowned and praised among all the peoples of the earth, when I restore your fortunes before your eyes," says the LORD.
TEV - "A Song of Joy" - 14 Sing and shout for joy, people of Israel! Rejoice with all your heart, Jerusalem! 15 The LORD has stopped your punishment; he has removed all your enemies. The LORD, the king of Israel, is with you; there is no reason now to be afraid. 16 The time is coming when they will say to Jerusalem, "Do not be afraid, city of Zion! Do not let your hands hang limp! 17 The LORD your God is with you; his power gives you victory. The LORD will take delight in you, and in his love he will give you new life. He will sing and be joyful over you, 18 as joyful as people at a festival." The LORD says, "I have ended the threat of doom and taken away your disgrace. 19 The time is coming! I will punish your oppressors; I will rescue all the lame and bring the exiles home. I will turn their shame to honor, and all the world will praise them. 20 The time is coming! I will bring your scattered people home; I will make you famous throughout the world and make you prosperous once again." The LORD has spoken.
|B3 - Psa 103||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 2 Bless the Lord, O my soul, and forget not all his benefits: 3 Who forgiveth all thine iniquities; who healeth all thy diseases; 4 Who redeemeth thy life from destruction; who crowneth thee with lovingkindness and tender mercies;
ESV - 2 Bless the LORD, O my soul, and forget not all his benefits, 3 who forgives all your iniquity, who heals all your diseases, 4 who redeems your life from the pit, who crowns you with steadfast love and mercy,
TEV - "The Love of God" - 1 Praise the LORD, my soul! All my being, praise his holy name! 2 Praise the LORD, my soul, and do not forget how kind he is. 3 He forgives all my sins and heals all my diseases. 4 He keeps me from the grave and blesses me with love and mercy. 5 He fills my life with good things, so that I stay young and strong like an eagle.
|B4 - Isa 9||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 2 The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light: they that dwell in the land of the shadow of death, upon them hath the light shined.
ESV - 2 The people who walked in darkness have seen a great light; those who dwelt in a land of deep darkness, on them has light shined.
TEV - "The Future King" - 2 The people who walked in darkness have seen a great light. They lived in a land of shadows, but now light is shining on them. 3 You have given them great joy, Lord; you have made them happy. They rejoice in what you have done, as people rejoice when they harvest grain or when they divide captured wealth.
Study aids for correlative Bible Lesson passages from Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures
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|B5 - Zec 9||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 9 Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee: he is just, and having salvation;
ESV - 9 Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion! Shout aloud, O daughter of Jerusalem! behold, your king is coming to you; righteous and having salvation is he,...
TEV - "The Future King" - 9 Rejoice, rejoice, people of Zion! Shout for joy, you people of Jerusalem! Look, your king is coming to you! He comes triumphant and victorious, but humble and riding on a donkey -- on a colt, the foal of a donkey. 10 The LORD says, "I will remove the war chariots from Israel and take the horses from Jerusalem; the bows used in battle will be destroyed. Your king will make peace among the nations; he will rule from sea to sea, from the Euphrates River to the ends of the earth."
|B6 - Mat 9||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
(with corrections) - 35 And Jesus went about all the cities and villages,
teaching in their synagogues, and preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and
healing every sickness and every disease
among the people.
ESV - 35 And Jesus went throughout all the cities and villages, teaching in their synagogues and proclaiming the gospel of the kingdom and healing every disease and every affliction.
TEV - "Jesus Has Pity for the People" - 35 Jesus went around visiting all the towns and villages. He taught in the synagogues, preached the Good News about the Kingdom, and healed people with every kind of disease and sickness. 36 As he saw the crowds, his heart was filled with pity for them, because they were worried and helpless, like sheep without a shepherd. 37 So he said to his disciples, "The harvest is large, but there are few workers to gather it in. 38 Pray to the owner of the harvest that he will send out workers to gather in his harvest."
|B7 - Mat 11||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 2 Now when John had heard in the prison the works of Christ, he sent two of his disciples, 3 And said unto him, Art thou he that should come, or do we look for another? 4 Jesus answered and said unto them, Go and shew John again those things which ye do hear and see: 5 The blind receive their sight, and the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, and the deaf hear, the dead are raised up, and the poor have the gospel preached to them. 6 And blessed is he, whosoever shall not be offended in me.
ESV - 2 Now when John heard in prison about the deeds of the Christ, he sent word by his disciples 3 and said to him, "Are you the one who is to come, or shall we look for another?" 4 And Jesus answered them, "Go and tell John what you hear and see: 5 the blind receive their sight and the lame walk, lepers are cleansed and the deaf hear, and the dead are raised up, and the poor have good news preached to them. 6 And blessed is the one who is not offended by me."
TEV - "The Messengers from John the Baptist" - 2 When John the Baptist heard in prison about the things that Christ was doing, he sent some of his disciples to him. 3 "Tell us," they asked Jesus, "are you the one John said was going to come, or should we expect someone else?" 4 Jesus answered, "Go back and tell John what you are hearing and seeing: 5 the blind can see, the lame can walk, those who suffer from dreaded skin diseases are made clean, the deaf hear, the dead are brought back to life, and the Good News is preached to the poor. 6 How happy are those who have no doubts about me!"
|B8 - Joh 8||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 12 Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life.
ESV - 12 Again Jesus spoke to them, saying, "I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will not walk in darkness, but will have the light of life."
TEV - "Jesus the Light of the World" - 12 Jesus spoke to the Pharisees again. "I am the light of the world," he said. "Whoever follows me will have the light of life and will never walk in darkness." 13 The Pharisees said to him, "Now you are testifying on your own behalf; what you say proves nothing."
Study aids for correlative Bible Lesson passages from Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures
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|B9 - Pro 23||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 5 Wilt thou set thine eyes upon that which is not?
19 Hear thou, my son,
and be wise, and guide thine heart in the way.
ESV - 4 ...wealth; ... 5 When your eyes light on it, it is gone, for suddenly it sprouts wings, flying like an eagle toward heaven.
19 Hear, my son, and be wise, and direct your heart in the way.
TEV - "Wise Saying #7" - 4 Be wise enough not to wear yourself out trying to get rich. 5 Your money can be gone in a flash, as if it had grown wings and flown away like an eagle.
"Wise Saying #15" - 19 Listen, my son, be wise and give serious thought to the way you live. 20 Don't associate with people who drink too much wine or stuff themselves with food. 21 Drunkards and gluttons will be reduced to poverty. If all you do is eat and sleep, you will soon be wearing rags.
4 Do not wear yourself out to get rich; be wise enough to desist. 5 When your eyes light upon it, it is gone; for suddenly it takes wings to itself, flying like an eagle toward heaven. (NRSV)
'Do not wear yourself out making wealth' is close to 'Cast not thy heart in pursuit of riches', and 'It takes to itself wings, like an eagle it flies heavenwards' to 'They have made themnselves wings like geese and are flown away to the heavens' (with a change of similes)... There is an appeal to intellectual discrimination (bina), rather than to a theological concept of order which allots to a man his place under the sun and sets limits to his self-assertiveness. The man who clarifies his thoughts will realize the futility of waring himself out in the effort to get rich, because wealth is fickle and unpredictable; it is here today and gone tomorrow, and then it is as unattainable and as hopelessless distant as the eagle which has soared towards the heavens.
|B10 - Luk 15||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
(with corrections) - 11
A certain man had two sons: 12 And the younger
of them said to his father, Father, give me the portion of goods that falleth
And [So] he divided unto them his living. 13
And not many days after the younger son gathered all together, and took
his journey into a far country, and there wasted his substance with riotous
living. 14 And when he had spent all, there arose a mighty famine in that
land; and he began to be in want. 15 And he went and joined himself to a
citizen of that country; and he sent him into his fields to feed swine.
16 And he would fain have filled his belly with [longed
to be satisfied by] the husks that the swine did eat: and no man gave
unto him. 17 And when he came to himself, he said, How many hired servants
of my father's have bread enough and to spare, and I perish with hunger!
18 I will arise and go to my father, and will say unto him, Father, I have
sinned against heaven, and before thee, 19 And [I]
am no more worthy to be called thy son: make me as one of thy hired servants.
20 And he arose, and came to his father. But when he was yet a great way
off, his father saw him, and had compassion, and ran, and fell on his neck,
and kissed him. 21 And the son said unto him, Father, I have sinned against
heaven, and in thy sight, and [I] am no more worthy
to be called thy son. 22 But the father said to his servants, Bring forth
[quickly] the best robe, and put it on him; and put a ring on his
hand, and shoes on his feet: 23 And bring hither the fatted calf, and kill
it; and let us eat, and be merry: 24 For this my son was dead, and is alive
again; he was lost, and is found
ESV - 11 ..."There was a man who had two sons. 12 And the younger of them said to his father, 'Father, give me the share of property that is coming to me.' And he divided his property between them. 13 Not many days later, the younger son gathered all he had and took a journey into a far country, and there he squandered his property in reckless living. 14 And when he had spent everything, a severe famine arose in that country, and he began to be in need. 15 So he went and hired himself out to one of the citizens of that country, who sent him into his fields to feed pigs. 16 And he was longing to be fed with the pods that the pigs ate, and no one gave him anything. 17 "But when he came to himself, he said, 'How many of my father's hired servants have more than enough bread, but I perish here with hunger! 18 I will arise and go to my father, and I will say to him, "Father, I have sinned against heaven and before you. 19 I am no longer worthy to be called your son. Treat me as one of your hired servants."' 20 And he arose and came to his father. But while he was still a long way off, his father saw him and felt compassion, and ran and embraced him and kissed him. 21 And the son said to him, 'Father, I have sinned against heaven and before you. I am no longer worthy to be called your son.' 22 But the father said to his servants, 'Bring quickly the best robe, and put it on him, and put a ring on his hand, and shoes on his feet. 23 And bring the fattened calf and kill it, and let us eat and celebrate. 24 For this my son was dead, and is alive again; he was lost, and is found.'...
TEV - "The Lost Son" - 11 Jesus went on to say, "There was once a man who had two sons. 12 The younger one said to him, "Father, give me my share of the property now.' So the man divided his property between his two sons. 13 After a few days the younger son sold his part of the property and left home with the money. He went to a country far away, where he wasted his money in reckless living. 14 He spent everything he had. Then a severe famine spread over that country, and he was left without a thing. 15 So he went to work for one of the citizens of that country, who sent him out to his farm to take care of the pigs. 16 He wished he could fill himself with the bean pods the pigs ate, but no one gave him anything to eat. 17 At last he came to his senses and said, "All my father's hired workers have more than they can eat, and here I am about to starve! 18 I will get up and go to my father and say, "Father, I have sinned against God and against you. 19 I am no longer fit to be called your son; treat me as one of your hired workers." 20 So he got up and started back to his father. "He was still a long way from home when his father saw him; his heart was filled with pity, and he ran, threw his arms around his son, and kissed him. 21 "Father,' the son said, "I have sinned against God and against you. I am no longer fit to be called your son.' 22 But the father called to his servants. "Hurry!' he said. "Bring the best robe and put it on him. Put a ring on his finger and shoes on his feet. 23 Then go and get the prize calf and kill it, and let us celebrate with a feast! 24 For this son of mine was dead, but now he is alive; he was lost, but now he has been found.' And so the feasting began.
Luk 15:11-32 - the parable of the prodigal son
The father showed a lot of the heart that cultural myths usually associate with mothers! That may be yet another of Jesus' thought-provoking devices for using this parable to turn the world upside down to help his hearers view the real Kingdom of God.
See Hear Then the Parable: A Commentary on the Parables of Jesus (by Bernard Brandon Scott), pages 99-125:
The hearer of the parable would have identified with the younger son... The parable's scandal derives from its subversion of the mytheme's power to resolve between the chosen and the rejected... In the parable the elder son's fate is not like Esau's: he is not hated, nor does the younger receive Jacob's portion. Actually, the elder is the heir: "All that is mine is yours." Nor is he banished: "I am always with you."... This parable subverts a mytheme by which the kingdom decides between the chosen and rejected. Here the father rejects no one; both are chosen... The father is interested neither in morality nor in inheritance. He is concerned with the unity of his sons... The kingdom is not something that decides between but something that unifies. The father does not reject... The kingdom is universal, not particularist. The universalism, however, is not based on the rejection of some. All people are called, regardless of the script the mytheme requires of them. (pages 124-125)
For additional commentary and cross-references related to this parable, see http://www.bibletexts.com/texts/parables.htm#prodigal-son
|B11 - Mic 7||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 7 I will look unto the Lord; I will wait for the God of my salvation: my God will hear me. 8 Rejoice not against me, O mine enemy: when I fall, I shall arise; when I sit in darkness, the Lord shall be a light unto me.
19 He will turn again,
he will have compassion upon us; he will subdue our iniquities; and thou
wilt cast all their sins into the depths of the sea.
ESV - 7 ...I will look to the LORD; I will wait for the God of my salvation; my God will hear me. 8 Rejoice not over me, O my enemy; when I fall, I shall rise; when I sit in darkness, the LORD will be a light to me.
19 He will again have compassion on us; he will tread our iniquities under foot. You will cast all our sins into the depths of the sea.
TEV - "Israel's Moral Corruption" - 4b The day has come when God will punish the people, as he warned them through their watchmen, the prophets. Now they are in confusion. 5 Don't believe your neighbor or trust your friend. Be careful what you say even to your wife. 6 In these times sons treat their fathers like fools, daughters oppose their mothers, and young women quarrel with their mothers-in-law; a man's enemies are the members of his own family. 7 But I will watch for the LORD; I will wait confidently for God, who will save me. My God will hear me.
"The LORD Brings Salvation" - 8 Our enemies have no reason to gloat over us. We have fallen, but we will rise again. We are in darkness now, but the LORD will give us light. 9 We have sinned against the LORD, so now we must endure his anger for a while. But in the end he will defend us and right the wrongs that have been done to us. He will bring us out to the light; we will live to see him save us. 10 Then our enemies will see this and be disgraced -- the same enemies who taunted us by asking, "Where is the LORD your God?" We will see them defeated, trampled down like mud in the streets.
"The LORD's Compassion on Israel" - 18 There is no other god like you, O LORD; you forgive the sins of your people who have survived. You do not stay angry forever, but you take pleasure in showing us your constant love. 19 You will be merciful to us once again. You will trample our sins underfoot and send them to the bottom of the sea! 20 You will show your faithfulness and constant love to your people, the descendants of Abraham and of Jacob, as you promised our ancestors long ago.
Study aids for correlative Bible Lesson passages from Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures
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|B12 - Isa 52||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 1 Awake, awake; put on thy strength, O Zion;
2 Shake thyself from the dust; arise, and sit down, O Jerusalem: loose thyself from the bands of thy neck, O captive daughter of Zion.
7 How beautiful upon
the mountains are the feet of him that bringeth good tidings, that publisheth
peace; that bringeth good tidings of good, that publisheth salvation; that
saith unto Zion, Thy God reigneth!
ESV - 1 Awake, awake, put on your strength, O Zion;...
2 Shake yourself from the dust and arise; be seated, O Jerusalem; loose the bonds from your neck, O captive daughter of Zion.
7 How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him who brings good news, who publishes peace, who brings good news of happiness, who publishes salvation, who says to Zion, "Your God reigns."
TEV - "God Will Rescue Jerusalem" - 1 Jerusalem, be strong and great again! Holy city of God, clothe yourself with splendor! The heathen will never enter your gates again. 2 Shake yourself free, Jerusalem! Rise from the dust and sit on your throne! Undo the chains that bind you, captive people of Zion!
7 How wonderful it is to see a messenger coming across the mountains, bringing good news, the news of peace! He announces victory and says to Zion, "Your God is king!" 8 Those who guard the city are shouting, shouting together for joy. They can see with their own eyes the return of the LORD to Zion.
Clause Westermann writes (Old Testament Library: Isaiah 40-66, Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1969, page 247):
Although it is Zion-Jerusalem that is actually addressed as 'captive' in v. 2a and b..., the people whom the prophet has chiefly in mind are the exiles -- he often gives them the name Zion. In 1 a, b and c, however, he is obviously thinking rather of the city. The loosing of the bonds does not then relate to the city but to the exiles.
|B13 - Isa 56||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 1 Thus saith the Lord, Keep ye judgment, and do justice: for my salvation is near to come, and my righteousness to be revealed.
- 1 Thus says the LORD:"Keep justice, and do righteousness, for soon
my salvation will come, and my deliverance be revealed.
TEV - "God's People Will Include All Nations" - 1 The LORD says to his people, "Do what is just and right, for soon I will save you. 2 I will bless those who always observe the Sabbath and do not misuse it. I will bless those who do nothing evil." 3 A foreigner who has joined the LORD's people should not say, "The LORD will not let me worship with his people." A man who has been castrated should never think that because he cannot have children, he can never be part of God's people. 4 The LORD says to such a man, "If you honor me by observing the Sabbath and if you do what pleases me and faithfully keep my covenant, 5 then your name will be remembered in my Temple and among my people longer than if you had sons and daughters. You will never be forgotten."
|B14 - Mat 14||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 14 And Jesus went forth, and saw a great multitude, and was moved with compassion toward them, and he healed their sick.
ESV - 14 When he went ashore he saw a great crowd, and he had compassion on them and healed their sick.
TEV - "Jesus Feeds Five Thousand Men" - 13 When Jesus heard the news about John, he left there in a boat and went to a lonely place by himself. The people heard about it, and so they left their towns and followed him by land. 14 Jesus got out of the boat, and when he saw the large crowd, his heart was filled with pity for them, and he healed their sick. 15 That evening his disciples came to him and said, "It is already very late, and this is a lonely place. Send the people away and let them go to the villages to buy food for themselves." 16 "They don't have to leave," answered Jesus. "You yourselves give them something to eat!" 17 "All we have here are five loaves and two fish," they replied.
|B15 - Mat 9||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 20 And, behold, a woman, which was diseased with an issue of blood twelve years, came behind him, and touched the hem of his garment: 21 For she said within herself, If I may but touch his garment, I shall be whole. 22 But Jesus turned him about, and when he saw her, he said, Daughter, be of good comfort; thy faith hath made thee whole. And the woman was made whole from that hour.
ESV - 20 And behold, a woman who had suffered from a discharge of blood for twelve years came up behind him and touched the fringe of his garment, 21 for she said to herself, "If I only touch his garment, I will be made well." 22 Jesus turned, and seeing her he said, "Take heart, daughter; your faith has made you well." And instantly the woman was made well.
TEV - "The Official's Daughter" - 18 While Jesus was saying this, a Jewish official came to him, knelt down before him, and said, "My daughter has just died; but come and place your hands on her, and she will live." 19 So Jesus got up and followed him, and his disciples went along with him. 20 A woman who had suffered from severe bleeding for twelve years came up behind Jesus and touched the edge of his cloak. 21 She said to herself, "If only I touch his cloak, I will get well." 22 Jesus turned around and saw her, and said, "Courage, my daughter! Your faith has made you well." At that very moment the woman became well.
Study aids for correlative Bible Lesson passages from Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures
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|B16 - Joh 5||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 1 there was a feast of the Jews; and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.
19 Then answered Jesus and said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, The Son can do nothing of himself, but what he seeth the Father do: for what things soever he doeth, these also doeth the Son likewise.
21 For as the Father raiseth up the dead, and quickeneth them; even so the Son quickeneth whom he will.
24 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that heareth my word, and believeth on him that sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto life.
26 For as the Father
hath life in himself; so hath he given to the Son to have life in himself;
ESV - 1 ...there was a feast of the Jews, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.
19 So Jesus said to them, "Truly, truly, I say to you, the Son can do nothing of his own accord, but only what he sees the Father doing. For whatever the Father does, that the Son does likewise.
21 For as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, so also the Son gives life to whom he will.
24 Truly, truly, I say to you, whoever hears my word and believes him who sent me has eternal life. He does not come into judgment, but has passed from death to life.
26 For as the Father
has life in himself, so he has granted the Son also to have life in himself.
TEV - "The Healing at the Pool" - 1 After this, Jesus went to Jerusalem for a religious festival. 2 Near the Sheep Gate in Jerusalem there is a pool with five porches; in Hebrew it is called Bethzatha.
"The Authority of the Son" - 19 So Jesus answered them, "I tell you the truth: the Son can do nothing on his own; he does only what he sees his Father doing. What the Father does, the Son also does. 20 For the Father loves the Son and shows him all that he himself is doing. He will show him even greater things to do than this, and you will all be amazed. 21 Just as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, in the same way the Son gives life to those he wants to. 22 Nor does the Father himself judge anyone. He has given his Son the full right to judge, 23 so that all will honor the Son in the same way as they honor the Father. Whoever does not honor the Son does not honor the Father who sent him. 24 "I am telling you the truth: whoever hears my words and believes in him who sent me has eternal life. He will not be judged, but has already passed from death to life. 25 I am telling you the truth: the time is coming -- the time has already come -- when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God, and those who hear it will come to life. 26 Just as the Father is himself the source of life, in the same way he has made his Son to be the source of life. 27 And he has given the Son the right to judge, because he is the Son of Man. 28 Do not be surprised at this; the time is coming when all the dead will hear his voice 29 and come out of their graves: those who have done good will rise and live, and those who have done evil will rise and be condemned.
|B17 - Joh 6||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV (with corrections) - 40 And this is the will of him that sent me, that every one which seeth the Son, and believeth on him, may have everlasting life:
47 Verily, verily,
I say unto you, He that believeth
on me hath everlasting life.
ESV - 40 For this is the will of my Father, that everyone who looks on the Son and believes in him should have eternal life,...
47 Truly, truly, I say to you, whoever believes has eternal life.
TEV - "Jesus the Bread of Life" - 35 "I am the bread of life," Jesus told them. "He who comes to me will never be hungry; he who believes in me will never be thirsty. 36 Now, I told you that you have seen me but will not believe. 37 Everyone whom my Father gives me will come to me. I will never turn away anyone who comes to me, 38 because I have come down from heaven to do not my own will but the will of him who sent me. 39 And it is the will of him who sent me that I should not lose any of all those he has given me, but that I should raise them all to life on the last day. 40 For what my Father wants is that all who see the Son and believe in him should have eternal life. And I will raise them to life on the last day."
44 No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws him to me; and I will raise him to life on the last day. 45 The prophets wrote, "Everyone will be taught by God.' Anyone who hears the Father and learns from him comes to me. 46 This does not mean that anyone has seen the Father; he who is from God is the only one who has seen the Father. 47 I am telling you the truth: he who believes has eternal life. 48 I am the bread of life. 49 Your ancestors ate manna in the desert, but they died. 50 But the bread that comes down from heaven is of such a kind that whoever eats it will not die. 51 I am the living bread that came down from heaven. If anyone eats this bread, he will live forever. The bread that I will give him is my flesh, which I give so that the world may live."
Study aids for correlative Bible Lesson passages from Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures
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|B18 - Luk 9||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
(with corrections) - 1 Then he called his twelve disciples together, and
gave them power and authority over all
and to cure diseases. 2 And he sent them to preach the kingdom of God, and
to heal the sick.
6 And they departed,
and went through the towns, preaching the gospel, and healing every where.
ESV - 1 And he called the twelve together and gave them power and authority over all demons and to cure diseases, 2 and he sent them out to proclaim the kingdom of God and to heal.
6 And they departed and went through the villages, preaching the gospel and healing everywhere.
TEV - "Jesus Sends Out the Twelve Disciples" - 1 Jesus called the twelve disciples together and gave them power and authority to drive out all demons and to cure diseases. 2 Then he sent them out to preach the Kingdom of God and to heal the sick, 3 after saying to them, "Take nothing with you for the trip: no walking stick, no beggar's bag, no food, no money, not even an extra shirt. 4 Wherever you are welcomed, stay in the same house until you leave that town; 5 wherever people don't welcome you, leave that town and shake the dust off your feet as a warning to them." 6 The disciples left and traveled through all the villages, preaching the Good News and healing people everywhere.
|B19 - Luk 10||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV (with corrections) - 1 After these things the Lord appointed other seventy also, and sent them two and two before his face into every city and place, whither he himself would come. 2 Therefore said he unto them, The harvest truly is great, but the labourers are few: pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest, that he would send forth labourers into his harvest.
8 And into whatsoever city ye enter, and they receive you, eat such things as are set before you: 9 And heal the sick that are therein, and say unto them, The kingdom of God is come nigh unto you.
17 And the seventy
returned again with joy, saying, Lord, even the
[demons] are subject unto us through thy name. 18 And he said unto them,
I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven. 19 Behold, I give unto you
power to tread on serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the
enemy: and nothing shall by any means hurt you.
ESV - 1 After this the Lord appointed seventy-two others and sent them on ahead of him, two by two, into every town and place where he himself was about to go. 2 And he said to them, "The harvest is plentiful, but the laborers are few. Therefore pray earnestly to the Lord of the harvest to send out laborers into his harvest.
8 Whenever you enter a town and they receive you, eat what is set before you. 9 Heal the sick in it and say to them, 'The kingdom of God has come near to you.'
17 The seventy-two returned with joy, saying, "Lord, even the demons are subject to us in your name!" 18 And he said to them, "I saw Satan fall like lightning from heaven. 19 Behold, I have given you authority to tread on serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy, and nothing shall hurt you.
TEV - "Jesus Sends Out the Seventy-Two" - 1 After this the Lord chose another seventy-two men and sent them out two by two, to go ahead of him to every town and place where he himself was about to go. 2 He said to them, "There is a large harvest, but few workers to gather it in. Pray to the owner of the harvest that he will send out workers to gather in his harvest. 3 Go! I am sending you like lambs among wolves. 4 Don't take a purse or a beggar's bag or shoes; don't stop to greet anyone on the road. 5 Whenever you go into a house, first say, "Peace be with this house.' 6 If a peace-loving man lives there, let your greeting of peace remain on him; if not, take back your greeting of peace. 7 Stay in that same house, eating and drinking whatever they offer you, for a worker should be given his pay. Don't move around from one house to another. 8 Whenever you go into a town and are made welcome, eat what is set before you, 9 heal the sick in that town, and say to the people there, "The Kingdom of God has come near you.' 10 But whenever you go into a town and are not welcomed, go out in the streets and say, 11 "Even the dust from your town that sticks to our feet we wipe off against you. But remember that the Kingdom of God has come near you!'
"The Return of the Seventy-Two" - 17 The seventy-two men came back in great joy. "Lord," they said, "even the demons obeyed us when we gave them a command in your name!" 18 Jesus answered them, "I saw Satan fall like lightning from heaven. 19 Listen! I have given you authority, so that you can walk on snakes and scorpions and overcome all the power of the Enemy, and nothing will hurt you. 20 But don't be glad because the evil spirits obey you; rather be glad because your names are written in heaven."
Bruce Metzger, in A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament, Second Edition (New York: United Bible Societies, 1994, pages 126-127), writes:
Was it seventy or seventy-two whom Jesus appointed and sent on ahead of him? The external evidence is almost evenly divided... The factors that bear on the evaluation of internal evidence are singularly elusive... In order to represent the balace of external evidence and the indecisiveness of internal consideration, a majority of the Committee decided to include the word duo in the text, but to enclose it within square brackets to indicate a certain doubt that it has a right to stand there.
Fellow Greek New Testament Editorial Committee member and textual authority Kurt Aland is granted a dissenting opinion in the Metzger's Textual Commentary from the indecisiveness of the rest of the Editorial Committee. Unequivocally endorsing "seventy-two" as representing the original text of Luke, Aland writes:
The concept of "70" is an established entity in the Septuagint and in Christian tradition... Consequently it is astonishing that the reading hebdomeykonta duo [seventy-two] occurs at all in 10.1 and 17, and that it has such strong support.
|B20 - 2Co 2||Bible citations||Bibles online||Commentary||Bible Terms>>||Dict||S&H||Strong's>>||KJV & NAS||Heb||Gr||S&H|
KJV - 14 Now thanks be unto God, which always causeth us to triumph in Christ, and maketh manifest the savour of his knowledge by us in every place.
ESV - 14 But thanks be to God, who in Christ always leads us in triumphal procession, and through us spreads the fragrance of the knowledge of him everywhere.
TEV - "Victory through Christ" - 14 But thanks be to God! For in union with Christ we are always led by God as prisoners in Christ's victory procession. God uses us to make the knowledge about Christ spread everywhere like a sweet fragrance. 15 For we are like a sweet-smelling incense offered by Christ to God, which spreads among those who are being saved and those who are being lost. 16 For those who are being lost, it is a deadly stench that kills; but for those who are being saved, it is a fragrance that brings life. Who, then, is capable for such a task? 17 We are not like so many others, who handle God's message as if it were cheap merchandise; but because God has sent us, we speak with sincerity in his presence, as servants of Christ.
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